The native carbon oxidation and PolyChloroDibenzo-p-Dioxins and PolyChloroDibenzoFurans, PCDD/F, formation were simultaneously studied at different temperatures (230-350 °C) and times (0-1440 min) in order to establish a direct correlation between the disappearance of the reagent and the formation of the products. The kinetic runs were conducted in an experimental set up where conditions were chosen to gain information on the role of fly ash deposits in cold zones of municipal solid waste incinerators in PCDD/F formation reaction. The carbon oxidation measured as the decrease of total organic carbon of fly ash was in agreement with the carbon evolved as sum of CO and CO2. The carbon mass balance indicated an increase in the efficiency of carbon conversion in CO and CO2 with temperature. The CO and CO2 formation was the result of two parallel pseudo first order reactions thus giving significant information about the reaction mechanism. PCDD/F formation as a function of temperature showed that the maximum formation was achieved in a narrow range around 280 °C; the time effect at 280 °C was a progressive formation increase at least up to 900 min. The PCDF:PCDD molar ratio increased with temperature and time, and the most abundant homologues were HxCDD, HpCDD, OCDD for PCDD, and HxCDF, HpCDF within PCDF. These experimental results supported the hypothesis that the formation mechanism was the de novo synthesis. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lasagni, M., Collina, E., Grandesso, E., Piccinelli, E., & Pitea, D. (2009). Kinetics of carbon degradation and PCDD/PCDF formation on MSWI fly ash. CHEMOSPHERE, 74(3), 377-383 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.09.077].

Kinetics of carbon degradation and PCDD/PCDF formation on MSWI fly ash

LASAGNI, MARINA;COLLINA, ELENA MARIA;PICCINELLI, ELSA;PITEA, DEMETRIO
2009

Abstract

The native carbon oxidation and PolyChloroDibenzo-p-Dioxins and PolyChloroDibenzoFurans, PCDD/F, formation were simultaneously studied at different temperatures (230-350 °C) and times (0-1440 min) in order to establish a direct correlation between the disappearance of the reagent and the formation of the products. The kinetic runs were conducted in an experimental set up where conditions were chosen to gain information on the role of fly ash deposits in cold zones of municipal solid waste incinerators in PCDD/F formation reaction. The carbon oxidation measured as the decrease of total organic carbon of fly ash was in agreement with the carbon evolved as sum of CO and CO2. The carbon mass balance indicated an increase in the efficiency of carbon conversion in CO and CO2 with temperature. The CO and CO2 formation was the result of two parallel pseudo first order reactions thus giving significant information about the reaction mechanism. PCDD/F formation as a function of temperature showed that the maximum formation was achieved in a narrow range around 280 °C; the time effect at 280 °C was a progressive formation increase at least up to 900 min. The PCDF:PCDD molar ratio increased with temperature and time, and the most abundant homologues were HxCDD, HpCDD, OCDD for PCDD, and HxCDF, HpCDF within PCDF. These experimental results supported the hypothesis that the formation mechanism was the de novo synthesis. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
PCDD/F formation, Kinetics, Carbon oxidation, Mass balance, MSWI fly ash
English
Lasagni, M., Collina, E., Grandesso, E., Piccinelli, E., & Pitea, D. (2009). Kinetics of carbon degradation and PCDD/PCDF formation on MSWI fly ash. CHEMOSPHERE, 74(3), 377-383 [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.09.077].
Lasagni, M; Collina, E; Grandesso, E; Piccinelli, E; Pitea, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/6110
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