Ghrelin, a 28-amino-acid peptide isolated from the stomach, is the natural ligand of the GH-secretagogues receptor-1a (GHS-R1a) and, so far, the only discovered circulating appetite-stimulating hormone. Similarly to ghrelin, many synthetic compounds belonging to the GHS family stimulate both GH secretion and feeding, whereas some stimulate GH secretion only. In the past years, studies have focused on the potential of the GHS to stimulate GH release during long-term treatment in humans and experimental animals. Few data are available about the extraendocrine effects of the GHS during several weeks of treatment, particularly in old rats. The aim of the present study was first to identify the lowest dose of hexarelin giving maximal stimulation of food intake both in young (3-month-old) and old rats (24-month-old). A dose-response study (80-320 microg/kg, s.c.) revealed that hexarelin at the dose of 80 microg/kg gave reproducibly maximal stimulation of food consumption in young as well as in old rats. Second, we evaluated the effect of 8-week daily sc treatment with hexarelin in young and old male rats. The outcome of the chronic study was that hexarelin (80 microg/kg, s.c., once daily) maintained a persistent significant orexigenic action throughout the treatment period, both in young and old rats. Interestingly, hexarelin treatment did not affect body weight gain either in young or old rats. We conclude that hexarelin is endowed with long-lasting orexigenic activity and might represent a potential therapeutic approach for pathological conditions characterized by a decline in food intake.

Bresciani, E., Pitsikas, N., Tamiazzo, L., Luoni, M., Bulgarelli, I., Cocchi, D., et al. (2008). Feeding behavior during long-term hexarelin administration in young and old rats. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION, 31(7), 647-652.

Feeding behavior during long-term hexarelin administration in young and old rats

BRESCIANI, ELENA;TAMIAZZO, LAURA;BULGARELLI, ILARIA;LOCATELLI, VITTORIO;TORSELLO, ANTONIO BIAGIO
2008

Abstract

Ghrelin, a 28-amino-acid peptide isolated from the stomach, is the natural ligand of the GH-secretagogues receptor-1a (GHS-R1a) and, so far, the only discovered circulating appetite-stimulating hormone. Similarly to ghrelin, many synthetic compounds belonging to the GHS family stimulate both GH secretion and feeding, whereas some stimulate GH secretion only. In the past years, studies have focused on the potential of the GHS to stimulate GH release during long-term treatment in humans and experimental animals. Few data are available about the extraendocrine effects of the GHS during several weeks of treatment, particularly in old rats. The aim of the present study was first to identify the lowest dose of hexarelin giving maximal stimulation of food intake both in young (3-month-old) and old rats (24-month-old). A dose-response study (80-320 microg/kg, s.c.) revealed that hexarelin at the dose of 80 microg/kg gave reproducibly maximal stimulation of food consumption in young as well as in old rats. Second, we evaluated the effect of 8-week daily sc treatment with hexarelin in young and old male rats. The outcome of the chronic study was that hexarelin (80 microg/kg, s.c., once daily) maintained a persistent significant orexigenic action throughout the treatment period, both in young and old rats. Interestingly, hexarelin treatment did not affect body weight gain either in young or old rats. We conclude that hexarelin is endowed with long-lasting orexigenic activity and might represent a potential therapeutic approach for pathological conditions characterized by a decline in food intake.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
ghrelin, food intake, GHS, GH, hexarelin, feeding, rat
English
647
652
6
Bresciani, E., Pitsikas, N., Tamiazzo, L., Luoni, M., Bulgarelli, I., Cocchi, D., et al. (2008). Feeding behavior during long-term hexarelin administration in young and old rats. JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION, 31(7), 647-652.
Bresciani, E; Pitsikas, N; Tamiazzo, L; Luoni, M; Bulgarelli, I; Cocchi, D; Locatelli, V; Torsello, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/6101
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