Background: We sought to trace the incidence and severity of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXLIPN) and to determine its clinical pattern. Among other associations, we also specifically aimed at testing whether the degree of acute neuropathy is clinically related to the development and severity of chronic OXLIPN. Methods: 170 patients (mean age 64y), scheduled to be treated with either FOLFOX or XELOX for metastatic colorectal cancer were studied. Patients were prospectively monitored at baseline and followed-up during chemotherapy in four European sites. The motor/neurosensory NCI-CTCv3 criteria and the clinical version of the Total Neuropathy Score were applied to clinically grade the severity of OXLIPN. Nerve conduction studies were also longitudinally performed. Results: Evidence of acute OXLIPN was disclosed in 146/170 patients (85.9%). The vast majority of patients manifested cold-induced perioral (95.2%) or pharyngolaryngeal dysesthesias (91.8%). Other uncommon symptoms, such as jaw spasm were also present. Severe acute OXLIPN, requiring prolongation of OXL infusion from 2 to 4-6 hours was evident in 32/146 patients (21.9%). Overall, 123/170 patients (72.4%) experienced chronic OXLIPN. Severities were grade I: 39 (22.9%); grade II: 52 (30.6%); grade III: 33 patients (19.4%). Worst severities were related to cumulative oxaliplatin dose (r:0.269;p<0.001). Follow-up assessments revealed significant decrease in all sensory action potentials examined. The severity of the acute OXLIPN was significantly correlated with both the development (r:0.450;p<0.001) and degree of the chronic form (r:0.703;p<0.001). Conclusions: Most patients treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy would manifest OXLIPN, mainly of moderate degree. The severity of the acute syndrome appears to clinically correlate with the degree of the chronic form of OXLIPN. Our data suggest that acute phenomena, related to axonal hyperexcitability, could contribute to the development of peripheral neuropathy; thus it could be advisable to test agents against acute OXLIPN in order to verify their effects on the chronic form

Andreas, A., Alberti, P., Briani, C., Velasco, R., Bruna, J., Campagnolo, M., et al. (2012). Incidence, characteristics, and associations of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients: Results of a prospective, multicenter, international study.. In 48th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO).

Incidence, characteristics, and associations of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients: Results of a prospective, multicenter, international study.

ALBERTI, PAOLA;CAZZANIGA, MARINA ELENA;CORTINOVIS, DIEGO LUIGI;CAVALETTI, GUIDO ANGELO;
2012

Abstract

Background: We sought to trace the incidence and severity of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXLIPN) and to determine its clinical pattern. Among other associations, we also specifically aimed at testing whether the degree of acute neuropathy is clinically related to the development and severity of chronic OXLIPN. Methods: 170 patients (mean age 64y), scheduled to be treated with either FOLFOX or XELOX for metastatic colorectal cancer were studied. Patients were prospectively monitored at baseline and followed-up during chemotherapy in four European sites. The motor/neurosensory NCI-CTCv3 criteria and the clinical version of the Total Neuropathy Score were applied to clinically grade the severity of OXLIPN. Nerve conduction studies were also longitudinally performed. Results: Evidence of acute OXLIPN was disclosed in 146/170 patients (85.9%). The vast majority of patients manifested cold-induced perioral (95.2%) or pharyngolaryngeal dysesthesias (91.8%). Other uncommon symptoms, such as jaw spasm were also present. Severe acute OXLIPN, requiring prolongation of OXL infusion from 2 to 4-6 hours was evident in 32/146 patients (21.9%). Overall, 123/170 patients (72.4%) experienced chronic OXLIPN. Severities were grade I: 39 (22.9%); grade II: 52 (30.6%); grade III: 33 patients (19.4%). Worst severities were related to cumulative oxaliplatin dose (r:0.269;p<0.001). Follow-up assessments revealed significant decrease in all sensory action potentials examined. The severity of the acute OXLIPN was significantly correlated with both the development (r:0.450;p<0.001) and degree of the chronic form (r:0.703;p<0.001). Conclusions: Most patients treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy would manifest OXLIPN, mainly of moderate degree. The severity of the acute syndrome appears to clinically correlate with the degree of the chronic form of OXLIPN. Our data suggest that acute phenomena, related to axonal hyperexcitability, could contribute to the development of peripheral neuropathy; thus it could be advisable to test agents against acute OXLIPN in order to verify their effects on the chronic form
Si
abstract + poster
Scientifica
Oxaliplatin, Peripheral Neurotoxicity
English
Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO) JUN 01-06
Andreas, A., Alberti, P., Briani, C., Velasco, R., Bruna, J., Campagnolo, M., et al. (2012). Incidence, characteristics, and associations of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in colorectal cancer patients: Results of a prospective, multicenter, international study.. In 48th Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Clinical-Oncology (ASCO).
Andreas, A; Alberti, P; Briani, C; Velasco, R; Bruna, J; Campagnolo, M; Cazzaniga, M; Bergamo, F; Cortinovis, D; Santos, C; Papadimitriou, K; Cavaletti, G; Kalofonos, H
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/60547
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