Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a severe chronic disease characterized by the presence of immuno-mediated demyelinating lesions and impairment of axonal transmission, which cause the reduction of nerve conduction velocity and lead to the development of neurological symptoms. Current therapy for MS is based on immunosuppressant agents, but recently Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) have been proposed as therapeutic treatment for MS, demonstrating a positive effect when administered before disease onset, mainly due to their immunomodulatory properties. Here, we investigate the therapeutic potential of MSCs into an animal model of multiple sclerosis, represented by Dark Agouti rats affected by chronic Relapsing-Remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). In order to assess their putative effectiveness, 106 MSC were intravenously injected in EAE rats before disease onset (7 days after disease induction), to test the “preventive” schedule, or after disease onset (14 days after MSC induction), to test the “therapeutic” schedule with MSCs. Clinical score was assessed daily, and after 45 days rats were sacrificed and histological analysis of spinal cords were performed to evaluate the demyelinating lesions. Clinical score analysis demonstrated that the “preventive” schedule of treatment had no effect on EAE clinical course, while the therapeutic schedule was able to hamper relapsing phase from day 19 and till the end of the experiment (day 45) with respect to EAE group. At day 45, histological analysis performed on spinal cords of EAE rats demonstrated the presence of demyelinated plaques, assessed by Luxol fast Blue staining and by immunohystochemistry for MBP. The same lesions were present in spinal cords of rats treated with the preventive MSC administration. On the contrary the therapeutic schedule with MSCs was able to significantly reduce the extension of demyelinated areas in the spinal cords, thus confirming clinical score evaluations. These results suggested that MSCs are able to ameliorate the clinical course of EAE animals and to hamper the disease relapsing by reducing the areas of demyelinated lesions. We are now evaluating the possible mechanism of MSCs action by investigating some putative myelinating properties of MSCs.
Scuteri, A., Donzelli, E., Rigolio, R., Ballarini, E., Monfrini, M., Chiorazzi, A., et al. (2013). Effectiveness of MSC therapeutic administration on rats affected by chronic Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. In Neuroscience 2013 abstract book..
|Citazione:||Scuteri, A., Donzelli, E., Rigolio, R., Ballarini, E., Monfrini, M., Chiorazzi, A., et al. (2013). Effectiveness of MSC therapeutic administration on rats affected by chronic Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. In Neuroscience 2013 abstract book..|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||No|
|Titolo:||Effectiveness of MSC therapeutic administration on rats affected by chronic Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis|
|Autori:||Scuteri, A; Donzelli, E; Rigolio, R; Ballarini, E; Monfrini, M;Chiorazzi, A; Sala, B; Meregalli, C; Cavaletti, G; Tredici, G|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Nome del convegno:||Neuroscience 2013, Society for Neuroscience 44nd Annual Meeting|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02 - Intervento a convegno|