Two experiments investigated whether dealing with a homogeneous subset of syllogisms with time-constrained responses encouraged participants to develop and use heuristics for abstract (Experiment 1) and thematic (Experiment 2) syllogisms. An atmosphere-based heuristic accounted for most responses with both abstract and thematic syllogisms. With thematic syllogisms, a weaker effect of a belief heuristic was also observed, mainly where the correct response was inconsistent with the atmosphere of the premises. Analytic processes appear to have played little role in the time-constrained condition, whereas their involvement increased in a self-paced, unconstrained condition. From a dual-process perspective, the results further specify how task demands affect the recruitment of heuristic and analytic systems of reasoning. Because the syllogisms and experimental procedure were the same as those used in a previous neuroimaging study by Goel, Buchel, Frith, and Dolan (2000), the result also deepen our understanding of the cognitive processes investigated by that study

Reverberi, F., Rusconi, P., Paulesu, E., Cherubini, P. (2009). Response demands and the recruitment of heuristic strategies in syllogistic reasoning. THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62(3), 513-530 [10.1080/17470210801995010].

Response demands and the recruitment of heuristic strategies in syllogistic reasoning

REVERBERI, FRANCO CARLO;RUSCONI, PATRICE PIERCARLO;PAULESU, ERALDO;CHERUBINI, PAOLO
2009

Abstract

Two experiments investigated whether dealing with a homogeneous subset of syllogisms with time-constrained responses encouraged participants to develop and use heuristics for abstract (Experiment 1) and thematic (Experiment 2) syllogisms. An atmosphere-based heuristic accounted for most responses with both abstract and thematic syllogisms. With thematic syllogisms, a weaker effect of a belief heuristic was also observed, mainly where the correct response was inconsistent with the atmosphere of the premises. Analytic processes appear to have played little role in the time-constrained condition, whereas their involvement increased in a self-paced, unconstrained condition. From a dual-process perspective, the results further specify how task demands affect the recruitment of heuristic and analytic systems of reasoning. Because the syllogisms and experimental procedure were the same as those used in a previous neuroimaging study by Goel, Buchel, Frith, and Dolan (2000), the result also deepen our understanding of the cognitive processes investigated by that study
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Reasoning, heuristics
English
513
530
Reverberi, F., Rusconi, P., Paulesu, E., Cherubini, P. (2009). Response demands and the recruitment of heuristic strategies in syllogistic reasoning. THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, 62(3), 513-530 [10.1080/17470210801995010].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/5905
Citazioni
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
Social impact