People tend to perceive identical top halves (i.e. above the nose) of two face stimuli as being different when they are aligned with distinct bottom halves. This face composite illusion has been demonstrated almost 20 years ago (Young et al., 1987), and is generally considered as the most compelling evidence that facial features are integrated into a holistic representation. Here, we recorded eye movements during the face composite effect, i.e. when the top and the bottom parts of a composite face stimulus are integrated into a single holistic face representation. The behavioral results showed a strong face composite effect when subjects maintained fixation to the top part of the face stimulus. Fixation sites and eye movements were virtually identical when the top and bottom parts were aligned (composite illusion) or misaligned (no illusion), indicating that holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior. These findings reinforce the view that holistic representations of individual faces can be extracted early on from low spatial frequency analysis, independently of overt attention.

de Heering, A., Rossion, B., Turati, C., Simion, F. (2008). Holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior: Evidence from the composite face effect. JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 2, 183-195 [10.1348/174866407X251694].

Holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior: Evidence from the composite face effect

TURATI, CHIARA;
2008

Abstract

People tend to perceive identical top halves (i.e. above the nose) of two face stimuli as being different when they are aligned with distinct bottom halves. This face composite illusion has been demonstrated almost 20 years ago (Young et al., 1987), and is generally considered as the most compelling evidence that facial features are integrated into a holistic representation. Here, we recorded eye movements during the face composite effect, i.e. when the top and the bottom parts of a composite face stimulus are integrated into a single holistic face representation. The behavioral results showed a strong face composite effect when subjects maintained fixation to the top part of the face stimulus. Fixation sites and eye movements were virtually identical when the top and bottom parts were aligned (composite illusion) or misaligned (no illusion), indicating that holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior. These findings reinforce the view that holistic representations of individual faces can be extracted early on from low spatial frequency analysis, independently of overt attention.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
face processing; composite effect
English
183
195
de Heering, A., Rossion, B., Turati, C., Simion, F. (2008). Holistic face processing can be independent of gaze behavior: Evidence from the composite face effect. JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY, 2, 183-195 [10.1348/174866407X251694].
de Heering, A; Rossion, B; Turati, C; Simion, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/5477
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