Purposes: The aims of this study are to describe a cohort of head-injured pediatric patients, focusing on current practice for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring and treatment and to verify the relationship between clinical and radiological parameters and the six-month outcome in a multivariable statistical model. Methods: A retrospective review was done of a prospectively collected database considering patients younger than 19 years admitted to three neuro-intensive care units (ICU). Patients were divided into four age groups: 0-5 (infant), 6-12 (children), 13-16 (pre-adolescent) and 17-18 years (adolescent). The ICP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) were analyzed calculating average data and values exceeding thresholds for more than 5 min. Outcome was assessed 6 months after trauma using the Glasgow Outcome Score. Results: There were 199 patients, 155 male, included. Sixty percent had extracranial injuries. Pupils were abnormal in 38 %. Emergency evacuation of intracranial hematomas was necessary in 81 cases. The ICP was monitored in 117 patients; in 87 cases ICP was higher than 20 mmHg, with no differences among age groups. All but six patients received therapy to prevent raised ICP; barbiturates, deep hyperventilation or surgical decompression were used in 31 cases. At 6 months, mortality was 21 % and favorable outcome was achieved by 72 %. Significant predictors of outcome in the multivariable model were the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) motor score, pupils and ICP. Conclusions: Pediatric head injury is associated with a high incidence of intracranial hypertension. Early surgical treatment and intensive care may achieve favorable outcome in the majority of cases. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM.

Sigurtà, A., Zanaboni, C., Canavesi, K., Citerio, G., Beretta, L., Stocchetti, N. (2013). Intensive care for pediatric traumatic brain injury. INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, 39(1), 129-136 [10.1007/s00134-012-2748-0].

Intensive care for pediatric traumatic brain injury

CITERIO, GIUSEPPE
;
2013

Abstract

Purposes: The aims of this study are to describe a cohort of head-injured pediatric patients, focusing on current practice for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring and treatment and to verify the relationship between clinical and radiological parameters and the six-month outcome in a multivariable statistical model. Methods: A retrospective review was done of a prospectively collected database considering patients younger than 19 years admitted to three neuro-intensive care units (ICU). Patients were divided into four age groups: 0-5 (infant), 6-12 (children), 13-16 (pre-adolescent) and 17-18 years (adolescent). The ICP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) were analyzed calculating average data and values exceeding thresholds for more than 5 min. Outcome was assessed 6 months after trauma using the Glasgow Outcome Score. Results: There were 199 patients, 155 male, included. Sixty percent had extracranial injuries. Pupils were abnormal in 38 %. Emergency evacuation of intracranial hematomas was necessary in 81 cases. The ICP was monitored in 117 patients; in 87 cases ICP was higher than 20 mmHg, with no differences among age groups. All but six patients received therapy to prevent raised ICP; barbiturates, deep hyperventilation or surgical decompression were used in 31 cases. At 6 months, mortality was 21 % and favorable outcome was achieved by 72 %. Significant predictors of outcome in the multivariable model were the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) motor score, pupils and ICP. Conclusions: Pediatric head injury is associated with a high incidence of intracranial hypertension. Early surgical treatment and intensive care may achieve favorable outcome in the majority of cases. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg and ESICM.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cerebral perfusion pressure; Intracranial pressure; Neurotrauma; Outcome; Pediatrics; Adolescent; Brain Injuries; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Glasgow Coma Scale; Glasgow Outcome Scale; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Intensive Care; Intracranial Pressure; Length of Stay; Male; Monitoring, Physiologic; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome; Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
English
2013
39
1
129
136
reserved
Sigurtà, A., Zanaboni, C., Canavesi, K., Citerio, G., Beretta, L., Stocchetti, N. (2013). Intensive care for pediatric traumatic brain injury. INTENSIVE CARE MEDICINE, 39(1), 129-136 [10.1007/s00134-012-2748-0].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/54675
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