Petrological and geochemical study of volatile bearing phases (fluid inclusions, amphibole, and nominally anhydrous minerals) in a spinel lherzolite xenolith suite from Quaternary lavas at Injibara (Lake Tana region, Ethiopian plateau) shows compelling evidence for metasomatism in the lithospheric mantle in a region of mantle upwelling and continental flood basalts. The xenolith suite consists of deformed (i.e., protogranular to porphyroclastic texture) Cl-rich pargasite lherzolites, metasomatized (LILE and Pb enrichment in clinopyroxene and amphibole) at T <= 1000 degrees C. Lherzolites contain chlorine-rich H2O-CO2 fluid inclusions, but no melt inclusions. Fluid inclusions are preserved only in orthopyroxene, while in olivine, they underwent extensive interaction with host mineral. The metasomatic fluid composition is estimated: X-CO2 = 0.64, X-H2O = 0.33, X-Na = 0.006, X-Mg = 0.006, X-Cl = 0.018, (salinity = 14-10 NaCl eq. wt.%, a(H2O) = 0.2, Cl = 4-5 mol.%). Fluid isochores correspond to trapping pressures of 1.4-1.5 GPa or 50-54 km depth (at T = 950 degrees C). Synchrotron sourced micro-infrared mapping (ELECTRA, Trieste) shows gradients for H2O-distribution in nominally anhydrous minerals, with considerable enrichment at grain boundaries, along intragranular microfractures, and around fluid inclusions. Total water amounts in lherzolites are variable from about 150 up to 400 ppm. Calculated trace-element pattern of metasomatic fluid phases, combined with distribution and amount of H2O in nominally anhydrous minerals, delineate a metasomatic Cl- and LILE-rich fluid phase heterogeneously distributed in the continental lithosphere. Present data suggest that Cl-rich aqueous fluids were important metasomatic agents beneath the Ethiopian plateau, locally forming high water content in the peridotite, which may be easily melted. High Cl, LILE, and Pb in metasomatic fluid phases suggests the contribution of recycled altered oceanic lithosphere component in their source. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Frezzotti, M., Ferrando, S., Peccerillo, A., Petrelli, M., Tecce, F., Perucchi, A. (2010). Chlorine-rich metasomatic H2O-CO2 fluids in amphibole-bearing peridotites from Injibara (Lake Tana region, Ethiopian plateau): Nature and evolution of volatiles in the mantle of a region of continental flood basalts. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 74(10), 3023-3039 [10.1016/j.gca.2010.02.007].

Chlorine-rich metasomatic H2O-CO2 fluids in amphibole-bearing peridotites from Injibara (Lake Tana region, Ethiopian plateau): Nature and evolution of volatiles in the mantle of a region of continental flood basalts

FREZZOTTI, MARIA LUCE;
2010

Abstract

Petrological and geochemical study of volatile bearing phases (fluid inclusions, amphibole, and nominally anhydrous minerals) in a spinel lherzolite xenolith suite from Quaternary lavas at Injibara (Lake Tana region, Ethiopian plateau) shows compelling evidence for metasomatism in the lithospheric mantle in a region of mantle upwelling and continental flood basalts. The xenolith suite consists of deformed (i.e., protogranular to porphyroclastic texture) Cl-rich pargasite lherzolites, metasomatized (LILE and Pb enrichment in clinopyroxene and amphibole) at T <= 1000 degrees C. Lherzolites contain chlorine-rich H2O-CO2 fluid inclusions, but no melt inclusions. Fluid inclusions are preserved only in orthopyroxene, while in olivine, they underwent extensive interaction with host mineral. The metasomatic fluid composition is estimated: X-CO2 = 0.64, X-H2O = 0.33, X-Na = 0.006, X-Mg = 0.006, X-Cl = 0.018, (salinity = 14-10 NaCl eq. wt.%, a(H2O) = 0.2, Cl = 4-5 mol.%). Fluid isochores correspond to trapping pressures of 1.4-1.5 GPa or 50-54 km depth (at T = 950 degrees C). Synchrotron sourced micro-infrared mapping (ELECTRA, Trieste) shows gradients for H2O-distribution in nominally anhydrous minerals, with considerable enrichment at grain boundaries, along intragranular microfractures, and around fluid inclusions. Total water amounts in lherzolites are variable from about 150 up to 400 ppm. Calculated trace-element pattern of metasomatic fluid phases, combined with distribution and amount of H2O in nominally anhydrous minerals, delineate a metasomatic Cl- and LILE-rich fluid phase heterogeneously distributed in the continental lithosphere. Present data suggest that Cl-rich aqueous fluids were important metasomatic agents beneath the Ethiopian plateau, locally forming high water content in the peridotite, which may be easily melted. High Cl, LILE, and Pb in metasomatic fluid phases suggests the contribution of recycled altered oceanic lithosphere component in their source. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Ethiopia, mantle petrology, metasomatism, Brines, CO2
English
2010
74
10
3023
3039
reserved
Frezzotti, M., Ferrando, S., Peccerillo, A., Petrelli, M., Tecce, F., Perucchi, A. (2010). Chlorine-rich metasomatic H2O-CO2 fluids in amphibole-bearing peridotites from Injibara (Lake Tana region, Ethiopian plateau): Nature and evolution of volatiles in the mantle of a region of continental flood basalts. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 74(10), 3023-3039 [10.1016/j.gca.2010.02.007].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/53885
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