Prosperous deep coral mounds including living colonies of Lophelia pertusa together with Madrepora oculata and Desmophyllum dianthus (= D. cristagalli) have been discovered in 2000, by fishery operations on the eastern side of the Ionian Sea. The living coral mounds are located between ca. 300 and 1,100 m on a gently dipping shelf off Apulia at Santa Maria di Leuca (SML), and characterized by a complex seabed topography. Side scan sonar, shallow high-resolution seismics and sampling indicate that these Lophelia-bearing coral mounds colonize quasi-indurate (firmground) Pleistocene sediment. At places live corals were found on Pleistocene coral-hardgrounds. The fauna associated with these Ionian modern coral mounds is less diversified than modern Eastern Atlantic counterparts. The core of living coral mounds colonies is at present located in 500–700 m and is tentatively suggested that their survival is mostly controlled by oceanographic factors. The SML coral banks represent so far a unique example of living Lopheliabearing coral mounds in the Mediterranean basin

Taviani, M., Corselli, C., Freiwald, A., Malinverno, E., Mastrototaro, F., Remia, A., et al. (2005). First geo-marine survey of living cold-water Lophelia reefs in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean basin). FACIES, 50, 409-417 [10.1007/s10347-004-0039-0].

First geo-marine survey of living cold-water Lophelia reefs in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean basin)

CORSELLI, CESARE;MALINVERNO, ELISA;SAVINI, ALESSANDRA;
2005

Abstract

Prosperous deep coral mounds including living colonies of Lophelia pertusa together with Madrepora oculata and Desmophyllum dianthus (= D. cristagalli) have been discovered in 2000, by fishery operations on the eastern side of the Ionian Sea. The living coral mounds are located between ca. 300 and 1,100 m on a gently dipping shelf off Apulia at Santa Maria di Leuca (SML), and characterized by a complex seabed topography. Side scan sonar, shallow high-resolution seismics and sampling indicate that these Lophelia-bearing coral mounds colonize quasi-indurate (firmground) Pleistocene sediment. At places live corals were found on Pleistocene coral-hardgrounds. The fauna associated with these Ionian modern coral mounds is less diversified than modern Eastern Atlantic counterparts. The core of living coral mounds colonies is at present located in 500–700 m and is tentatively suggested that their survival is mostly controlled by oceanographic factors. The SML coral banks represent so far a unique example of living Lopheliabearing coral mounds in the Mediterranean basin
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Deep coral, Living Lophelia reefs, Ionian Sea, Mediterranean, Recent
English
Taviani, M., Corselli, C., Freiwald, A., Malinverno, E., Mastrototaro, F., Remia, A., et al. (2005). First geo-marine survey of living cold-water Lophelia reefs in the Ionian Sea (Mediterranean basin). FACIES, 50, 409-417 [10.1007/s10347-004-0039-0].
Taviani, M; Corselli, C; Freiwald, A; Malinverno, E; Mastrototaro, F; Remia, A; Savini, A; Tursi, A; CORAL Shipboard, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/5375
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