OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in people with severe mental illness (SMI), estimating its weight on related risks in Southern Europe, an area with distinct dietary traditions. People with SMI may be more likely than general population to have high prevalence of risk factors for CVDs, due to several reasons, including poor health behaviours and psychopharmacological medications. METHOD: A cross-sectional study has been conducted, comparing inpatients with and without SMI. Univariate and multivariate analyses and logistic regression models have been carried out, exploring the effect of SMI on the prevalence of CVD risk factors. RESULTS: Although obesity and hypertriglyceridemia were more prevalent among people with SMI, controlling for relevant confounders in multivariate analyses we could not detect any significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: People with SMI may not necessarily have higher CVD risk, as compared with general population. Mediterranean healthy dietary habits, universal health coverage, families providing strong support, all are possible explanations for our findings. Further research is needed, exploring different mechanisms, with more detailed biological and genetics measures.

Clerici, M., Bartoli, F., Carretta, D., Crocamo, C., Bebbington, P., & Carra', G. (2014). Cardiovascular risk factors among people with severe mental illness in Italy: A cross sectional comparative study. GENERAL HOSPITAL PSYCHIATRY, 36(6), 698-702 [10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2014.08.005].

Cardiovascular risk factors among people with severe mental illness in Italy: A cross sectional comparative study

CLERICI, MASSIMO;BARTOLI, FRANCESCO;CARRETTA, DANIELE CLAUDIO LUIGI AMBROGIO;CROCAMO, CRISTINA;CARRA', GIUSEPPE
2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in people with severe mental illness (SMI), estimating its weight on related risks in Southern Europe, an area with distinct dietary traditions. People with SMI may be more likely than general population to have high prevalence of risk factors for CVDs, due to several reasons, including poor health behaviours and psychopharmacological medications. METHOD: A cross-sectional study has been conducted, comparing inpatients with and without SMI. Univariate and multivariate analyses and logistic regression models have been carried out, exploring the effect of SMI on the prevalence of CVD risk factors. RESULTS: Although obesity and hypertriglyceridemia were more prevalent among people with SMI, controlling for relevant confounders in multivariate analyses we could not detect any significant difference. CONCLUSIONS: People with SMI may not necessarily have higher CVD risk, as compared with general population. Mediterranean healthy dietary habits, universal health coverage, families providing strong support, all are possible explanations for our findings. Further research is needed, exploring different mechanisms, with more detailed biological and genetics measures.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Cardiovascular Diseases, Mediterranean diet, Mental Disorders/epidemiology; Comorbidity; Prevalence; Risk factors
English
698
702
5
Clerici, M., Bartoli, F., Carretta, D., Crocamo, C., Bebbington, P., & Carra', G. (2014). Cardiovascular risk factors among people with severe mental illness in Italy: A cross sectional comparative study. GENERAL HOSPITAL PSYCHIATRY, 36(6), 698-702 [10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2014.08.005].
Clerici, M; Bartoli, F; Carretta, D; Crocamo, C; Bebbington, P; Carra', G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/52554
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