In cyclic-nucleotide-gated "CNG" channels, the pore-loop "P-loop" is formed by the amino acid residues R345-S371 (here called R1-S27). Residue E19 determines the channel's interaction with extracellular divalent cations and contributes to ion conduction. Neutralization of this residue with alanine introduces channel desensitization. We have used serial cysteine mutagenesis to study P-loop topology in the alpha subunit of the mammalian rod CNG channels containing the E19A substitution. The pore topology was tested in the closed channel state and, when cGMP was present, during and after desensitization. With E19A substitution, the T15C, T16C, I17C and T20C mutants desensitized more slowly than controls. Moreover, the typical rundown produced by the I17C substitution in the wild-type "w.t." background was considerably reduced. Overall, with the E19A substitution, the accessibility pattern tested by applying the thiol-specific reagents Cd2+ and MTSET from the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane was similar to that observed with the w.t. Moreover, P22C channels were not inhibited by Cd2+ and MTSET (which do not cross the lipid bilayer) applied from the inside, but were blocked by MTSEA (which permeates the plasma membrane) also applied from the inside. This suggests that the residues following E19 remain accessible from the external side after E19A substitution. Thus, although the residues T15 to T20 seemed to participate in the structural rearrangements producing desensitization, no major P-loop remodelling occurs in desensitizing channels

Roncaglia, P., & Becchetti, A. (2001). Cyclic-nucleotide-gated channels: pore topology in desensitizing E19A mutants. PFLÜGERS ARCHIV, 441(6), 772-780 [10.1007/s004240000480].

Cyclic-nucleotide-gated channels: Pore topology in desensitizing E19A mutants

Becchetti, A.
2001

Abstract

In cyclic-nucleotide-gated "CNG" channels, the pore-loop "P-loop" is formed by the amino acid residues R345-S371 (here called R1-S27). Residue E19 determines the channel's interaction with extracellular divalent cations and contributes to ion conduction. Neutralization of this residue with alanine introduces channel desensitization. We have used serial cysteine mutagenesis to study P-loop topology in the alpha subunit of the mammalian rod CNG channels containing the E19A substitution. The pore topology was tested in the closed channel state and, when cGMP was present, during and after desensitization. With E19A substitution, the T15C, T16C, I17C and T20C mutants desensitized more slowly than controls. Moreover, the typical rundown produced by the I17C substitution in the wild-type "w.t." background was considerably reduced. Overall, with the E19A substitution, the accessibility pattern tested by applying the thiol-specific reagents Cd2+ and MTSET from the cytoplasmic side of the plasma membrane was similar to that observed with the w.t. Moreover, P22C channels were not inhibited by Cd2+ and MTSET (which do not cross the lipid bilayer) applied from the inside, but were blocked by MTSEA (which permeates the plasma membrane) also applied from the inside. This suggests that the residues following E19 remain accessible from the external side after E19A substitution. Thus, although the residues T15 to T20 seemed to participate in the structural rearrangements producing desensitization, no major P-loop remodelling occurs in desensitizing channels
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cd2+; channel desensitization; H5; MTS; substituted cysteine accessibility
English
772
780
9
Roncaglia, P., & Becchetti, A. (2001). Cyclic-nucleotide-gated channels: pore topology in desensitizing E19A mutants. PFLÜGERS ARCHIV, 441(6), 772-780 [10.1007/s004240000480].
Roncaglia, P; Becchetti, A
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/519
Citazioni
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 8
Social impact