BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the concentration or type of local anesthetic used for initiation of epidural anesthesia. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was to compare the clinical effectiveness of epidural administration of both levobupivacaine and bupivacaine in 0.2% and 0.25% concentrations in pediatric patients undergoing abdominal and urological surgery. METHODS: One hundred and forty-one children scheduled for lower abdominal and urological surgery were randomized to receive 0.4-0.6 ml.kg(-1) epidural, 0.25% bupivacaine, 0.2% bupivacaine, 0.25% levobupivacaine or 0.2% levobupivacaine. Initial epidural volumes, onset times; hemodynamic consequences, postoperative pain scores and degree of residual postoperative motor block were all recorded. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the proportion of children with effective analgesia after incision [0.20% bupivacaine 97%, 0.25% bupivacaine 94%, 0.20% levobupivacaine 91%, 0.25% levobupivacaine 92% (P=0.73)] when a median volume of 0.55 ml.kg(-1) was used. There was no association between the volume used for thoracic, lumbar, or sacral epidural anesthesia and the effectiveness of the agents used. There was a significantly greater incidence of pain on awakening with the 0.2% solutions compared with the 0.25% solutions, but no differences in the incidence of residual motor block between groups. CONCLUSIONS: While there is no difference in the proportion of effective surgical anesthesia, the lower incidence of pain and distress with the 0.25% solutions suggests that this concentration has clinical advantages over the 0.2% solutions for pediatric epidural anesthesia.
Ingelmo, P.M., Locatelli, B.G., Frawley, G., Knottenbelt, G., Favarato, M., Spotti, A., et al. (2007). The optimum initial pediatric epidural bolus: a comparison of four local anesthetic solutions. PAEDIATRIC ANAESTHESIA, 17(12), 1166-1175.
|Citazione:||Ingelmo, P.M., Locatelli, B.G., Frawley, G., Knottenbelt, G., Favarato, M., Spotti, A., et al. (2007). The optimum initial pediatric epidural bolus: a comparison of four local anesthetic solutions. PAEDIATRIC ANAESTHESIA, 17(12), 1166-1175.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||The optimum initial pediatric epidural bolus: a comparison of four local anesthetic solutions|
|Autori:||Ingelmo, PM; Locatelli, BG; Frawley, G; Knottenbelt, G; Favarato, M; Spotti, A; Fumagalli, R|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9592.2007.02327.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|