The management of atrophic mandibular fractures in edentulous patients represents an insidious issue for the maxillofacial surgeon due to the biological and biomechanical conditions that are unfavorable for fracture fixation and bone healing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of the treatment of atrophic mandibular fractures and to compare the outcomes of different plating systems used for stabilization. We selected a study group of 16 patients with fractures of completely edentulous atrophic mandibles who were treated in our department between 2004 and 2010. All patients were surgically treated by open reduction and internal rigid fixation using 2.0-mm large-profile locking and 2.4-mm locking bone plates. All patients achieved a complete fracture healing and fast functional recovery of mandibular movements without intraoperative or postoperative surgical complications. The results of our study demonstrated the efficacy of this type of treatment in association with a low postoperative complication rate, a reduction in the recovery time, and the possibility to have an immediately functional rehabilitation. There were very similar results using each of the two bone plating methods considered: no case had hardware failure or nonunion of the fracture. The 2.0-mm large locking plate is thinner, exposes through the soft tissues less frequently, and is much easier to shape and adapt to the mandibular anatomy. However, the 2.4-mm locking plate system still represents the reference hardware in the condition of severe bone atrophy.

Novelli, G., Sconza, G., Ardito, E., Bozzetti, A. (2012). Surgical treatment of the atrophic mandibular fractures by locked plates systems:our experience and a literature review. CRANIOMAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA & RECONSTRUCTION, 5(2), 65-74 [10.1055/s-0031-1300961].

Surgical treatment of the atrophic mandibular fractures by locked plates systems:our experience and a literature review

Novelli, G
;
BOZZETTI, ALBERTO
2012

Abstract

The management of atrophic mandibular fractures in edentulous patients represents an insidious issue for the maxillofacial surgeon due to the biological and biomechanical conditions that are unfavorable for fracture fixation and bone healing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of the treatment of atrophic mandibular fractures and to compare the outcomes of different plating systems used for stabilization. We selected a study group of 16 patients with fractures of completely edentulous atrophic mandibles who were treated in our department between 2004 and 2010. All patients were surgically treated by open reduction and internal rigid fixation using 2.0-mm large-profile locking and 2.4-mm locking bone plates. All patients achieved a complete fracture healing and fast functional recovery of mandibular movements without intraoperative or postoperative surgical complications. The results of our study demonstrated the efficacy of this type of treatment in association with a low postoperative complication rate, a reduction in the recovery time, and the possibility to have an immediately functional rehabilitation. There were very similar results using each of the two bone plating methods considered: no case had hardware failure or nonunion of the fracture. The 2.0-mm large locking plate is thinner, exposes through the soft tissues less frequently, and is much easier to shape and adapt to the mandibular anatomy. However, the 2.4-mm locking plate system still represents the reference hardware in the condition of severe bone atrophy.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
atrophic mandible,mandibular fracture, fixation
English
65
74
10
Novelli, G., Sconza, G., Ardito, E., Bozzetti, A. (2012). Surgical treatment of the atrophic mandibular fractures by locked plates systems:our experience and a literature review. CRANIOMAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA & RECONSTRUCTION, 5(2), 65-74 [10.1055/s-0031-1300961].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/51444
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