Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) impairment is recognized to play a pathogenetic role in Parkinson's disease (PD). A reduced expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein (lamp) 2A and heat shock cognate (hsc) 70 protein, the two key regulators of CMA, has been reported in brains of PD patients. To verify the existence of a possible systemic CMA dysfunction in PD, in this study the expression of hsc70 and lamp2A was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with sporadic PD and compared to healthy subjects. The expression of myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), a transcriptional factor implicated in neuronal survival and specific substrate of CMA, was also evaluated. Protein and gene expression was assessed by Western blot and real-time PCR, respectively, in PBMC obtained from 53 sporadic PD patients and 53 healthy subjects. A significant reduction of hsc70 levels was observed in PBMC of PD patients, both under basal conditions and after autophagy induction obtained with serum deprivation. No difference emerged in lamp2A and MEF2D expression between patients and controls. No influence of the clinical characteristics of patients emerged on hsc70, lamp2A and MEF2D expression. These results, despite being not suggestive of the existence of a CMA impairment in PBMC of PD patients, identify a systemic hsc70 reduction in PD patients. Further studies on specific mechanisms and biological significance of such alteration are needed to corroborate this finding that could lead to the identification of a new trait biomarker for PD

Sala, G., Stefanoni, G., Arosio, A., Riva, C., Melchionda, L., Saracchi, E., et al. (2014). Reduced expression of the chaperone-mediated autophagy carrier hsc70 protein in lymphomonocytes of patients with Parkinson's disease. BRAIN RESEARCH, 1546, 46-52 [10.1016/j.brainres.2013.12.017].

Reduced expression of the chaperone-mediated autophagy carrier hsc70 protein in lymphomonocytes of patients with Parkinson's disease

SALA, GESSICA;STEFANONI, GIOVANNI;AROSIO, ALESSANDRO;RIVA, CHIARA;MELCHIONDA, LAURA;SARACCHI, ENRICO;FERMI, SILVIA;BRIGHINA, LAURA;FERRARESE, CARLO
2014

Abstract

Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) impairment is recognized to play a pathogenetic role in Parkinson's disease (PD). A reduced expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein (lamp) 2A and heat shock cognate (hsc) 70 protein, the two key regulators of CMA, has been reported in brains of PD patients. To verify the existence of a possible systemic CMA dysfunction in PD, in this study the expression of hsc70 and lamp2A was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with sporadic PD and compared to healthy subjects. The expression of myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D), a transcriptional factor implicated in neuronal survival and specific substrate of CMA, was also evaluated. Protein and gene expression was assessed by Western blot and real-time PCR, respectively, in PBMC obtained from 53 sporadic PD patients and 53 healthy subjects. A significant reduction of hsc70 levels was observed in PBMC of PD patients, both under basal conditions and after autophagy induction obtained with serum deprivation. No difference emerged in lamp2A and MEF2D expression between patients and controls. No influence of the clinical characteristics of patients emerged on hsc70, lamp2A and MEF2D expression. These results, despite being not suggestive of the existence of a CMA impairment in PBMC of PD patients, identify a systemic hsc70 reduction in PD patients. Further studies on specific mechanisms and biological significance of such alteration are needed to corroborate this finding that could lead to the identification of a new trait biomarker for PD
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
MEF2D; Lamp2a; Peripheral blood mononuclear cell; Chaperone-mediated autophagy; Parkinson's disease; Hsc70
English
46
52
7
Sala, G., Stefanoni, G., Arosio, A., Riva, C., Melchionda, L., Saracchi, E., et al. (2014). Reduced expression of the chaperone-mediated autophagy carrier hsc70 protein in lymphomonocytes of patients with Parkinson's disease. BRAIN RESEARCH, 1546, 46-52 [10.1016/j.brainres.2013.12.017].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/51346
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