We study the presence and the magnitudes of trade-offs between health outcomes and hospitals' efficiency using a data set from Lombardy, Italy, for the period 2008–2011. Our goal is to analyze whether the pressures for cost containment may affect hospital performance in terms of population health status. Unlike previous work in this area, we analyze hospitals at the ward level so comparisons can be made across more homogeneous treatments. We focus on two different health outcomes: mortality and readmission rates. We find that there is a trade-off between mortality rates and efficiency, as more efficient hospitals have higher mortality rates. We also find, however, that more efficient hospitals have lower readmission rates. Moreover, we show that focusing the analysis at the ward level is essential, since there is evidence of higher mortality rates in general medicine and surgery, while in oncology mortality is lower in more efficient hospitals. Furthermore, we find that consideration of spatial processes is important since mortality rates are higher for hospitals subject to high degree of horizontal competition, but lower for those hospitals having strong competition but high efficiency. This implies that the interplay of efficient resource allocation and hospital competition is important for the sustainability and effectiveness of regional health care systems.

Martini, G., Berta, P., Mullahy, J., Vittadini, G. (2014). The Effectiveness-Efficiency Trade-Off in Health Care: The Case of Hospitals in Lombardy, Italy. REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS, 49(1), 217-231 [10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2014.02.003].

The Effectiveness-Efficiency Trade-Off in Health Care: The Case of Hospitals in Lombardy, Italy

BERTA, PAOLO;VITTADINI, GIORGIO
2014

Abstract

We study the presence and the magnitudes of trade-offs between health outcomes and hospitals' efficiency using a data set from Lombardy, Italy, for the period 2008–2011. Our goal is to analyze whether the pressures for cost containment may affect hospital performance in terms of population health status. Unlike previous work in this area, we analyze hospitals at the ward level so comparisons can be made across more homogeneous treatments. We focus on two different health outcomes: mortality and readmission rates. We find that there is a trade-off between mortality rates and efficiency, as more efficient hospitals have higher mortality rates. We also find, however, that more efficient hospitals have lower readmission rates. Moreover, we show that focusing the analysis at the ward level is essential, since there is evidence of higher mortality rates in general medicine and surgery, while in oncology mortality is lower in more efficient hospitals. Furthermore, we find that consideration of spatial processes is important since mortality rates are higher for hospitals subject to high degree of horizontal competition, but lower for those hospitals having strong competition but high efficiency. This implies that the interplay of efficient resource allocation and hospital competition is important for the sustainability and effectiveness of regional health care systems.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Health outcomes; Hospital efficiency; Trade-off effectiveness/efficiency
English
217
231
15
Martini, G., Berta, P., Mullahy, J., Vittadini, G. (2014). The Effectiveness-Efficiency Trade-Off in Health Care: The Case of Hospitals in Lombardy, Italy. REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS, 49(1), 217-231 [10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2014.02.003].
Martini, G; Berta, P; Mullahy, J; Vittadini, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/51329
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