Phase-space time-resolved measurements of fast-ion losses induced by edge localized modes (ELMs) and ELM mitigation coils have been obtained in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak by means of multiple fast-ion loss detectors (FILDs). Filament-like bursts of fast-ion losses are measured during ELMs by several FILDs at different toroidal and poloidal positions. Externally applied magnetic perturbations (MPs) have little effect on plasma profiles, including fast-ions, in high collisionality plasmas with mitigated ELMs. A strong impact on plasma density, rotation and fast-ions is observed, however, in low density/collisionality and q95 plasmas with externally applied MPs. During the mitigation/suppression of type-I ELMs by externally applied MPs, the large fast-ion bursts observed during ELMs are replaced by a steady loss of fast-ions with a broad-band frequency and an amplitude of up to an order of magnitude higher than the neutral beam injection (NBI) prompt loss signal without MPs. Multiple FILD measurements at different positions, indicate that the fast-ion losses due to static 3D fields are localized on certain parts of the first wall rather than being toroidally/poloidally homogeneously distributed. Measured fast-ion losses show a broad energy and pitch-angle range and are typically on banana orbits that explore the entire pedestal/scrape-off-layer (SOL). Infra-red measurements are used to estimate the heat load associated with the MP-induced fast-ion losses. The heat load on the FILD detector head and surrounding wall can be up to six times higher with MPs than without 3D fields. When 3D fields are applied and density pump-out is observed, an enhancement of the fast-ion content in the plasma is typically measured by fast-ion D-alpha (FIDA) spectroscopy. The lower density during the MP phase also leads to a deeper beam deposition with an inward radial displacement of ≈2 cm in the maximum of the beam emission. Orbit simulations are used to test different models for 3D field equilibrium reconstruction including vacuum representation, the free boundary NEMEC code and the two-fluid M3D-C1 code which account for the plasma response. Guiding center simulations predict the maximum level of losses, ≈2.6%, with NEMEC 3D equilibrium. Full orbit simulations overestimate the level of losses in 3D vacuum fields with ≈15% of lost NBI ions. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Garcia Munoz, M., Akaslompolo, S., de Marne, P., Dunne, M., Dux, R., Evans, T., et al. (2013). Fast-ion losses induced by ELMs and externally applied magnetic perturbations in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. In Plasma physics and controlled fusion. IOP Pub. [10.1088/0741-3335/55/12/124014].
|Citazione:||Garcia Munoz, M., Akaslompolo, S., de Marne, P., Dunne, M., Dux, R., Evans, T., et al. (2013). Fast-ion losses induced by ELMs and externally applied magnetic perturbations in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. In Plasma physics and controlled fusion. IOP Pub. [10.1088/0741-3335/55/12/124014].|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Presenza di un coautore afferente ad Istituzioni straniere:||Si|
|Titolo:||Fast-ion losses induced by ELMs and externally applied magnetic perturbations in the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak|
|Autori:||Garcia Munoz, M; Akaslompolo, S; de Marne, P; Dunne, M; Dux, R; Evans, T; Ferraro, N; Fietz, S; Fuchs, C; Geiger, B; Herrmann, A; Hoelzl, M; Kurzan, B; Lazanyi, N; McDermott, R; Nocente, M; Pace, D; Rodriguez-Ramos, M; Shinohara, K; Strumberger, E; Suttrop, W; Van Zeeland, M; Viezzer, E; Willensdorfer, M; Wolfrum, E|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Nome del convegno:||40th Conference of the European-Physical-Society on Plasma Physics|
|Rivista:||PLASMA PHYSICS AND CONTROLLED FUSION|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02 - Intervento a convegno|