It is well-known that the H-2 molecule dissociates heterolytically on stepped MgO surfaces with formation of protons bound to O2- anions (OH groups) and hydride ions bound to Mg cations (MgH groups). Homolytic splitting, with formation of a pair of OH groups per adsorbed H-2 molecule, is only possible in special conditions, like for polar MgO(111) surfaces or under irradiation due to the generation of O-radicals. In this work, we demonstrate, based on first-principles DFTcalculations, that homolytic splitting of H-2 is the thermodynamically most favored dissociation mode if MgO(001) films of a few atomic layers are deposited on a metal support. The choice of the support is crucial.In fact, on MgO/Ag(001) ultrathin films, H-2 dissociation resembles the behavior of the bare MgO surface, while on MgO/Au(001), homolytic dissociation is preferred. The reason lies in the different position of the Fermi level in the two metal/oxide interfaces. The lower Fermi level(higher work function) of MgO/Au(001) favors the transfer of the H-2 electrons to the metal support via electron tunneling through the ultrathin insulating layer (adsorption of protons). This is another manifestation of the unusual behavior of oxides at the nanoscale. It is of general relevance for the splitting and reactivity of covalently bound molecules.

Chen, H., Giordano, L., Pacchioni, G. (2013). From Heterolytic to Homolytic H-2 Dissociation on Nanostructured MgO(001) Films As a Function of the Metal Support. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 117(20), 10623-10629 [10.1021/jp4037588].

From Heterolytic to Homolytic H-2 Dissociation on Nanostructured MgO(001) Films As a Function of the Metal Support

CHEN, HSIN YI;GIORDANO, LIVIA;PACCHIONI, GIANFRANCO
2013

Abstract

It is well-known that the H-2 molecule dissociates heterolytically on stepped MgO surfaces with formation of protons bound to O2- anions (OH groups) and hydride ions bound to Mg cations (MgH groups). Homolytic splitting, with formation of a pair of OH groups per adsorbed H-2 molecule, is only possible in special conditions, like for polar MgO(111) surfaces or under irradiation due to the generation of O-radicals. In this work, we demonstrate, based on first-principles DFTcalculations, that homolytic splitting of H-2 is the thermodynamically most favored dissociation mode if MgO(001) films of a few atomic layers are deposited on a metal support. The choice of the support is crucial.In fact, on MgO/Ag(001) ultrathin films, H-2 dissociation resembles the behavior of the bare MgO surface, while on MgO/Au(001), homolytic dissociation is preferred. The reason lies in the different position of the Fermi level in the two metal/oxide interfaces. The lower Fermi level(higher work function) of MgO/Au(001) favors the transfer of the H-2 electrons to the metal support via electron tunneling through the ultrathin insulating layer (adsorption of protons). This is another manifestation of the unusual behavior of oxides at the nanoscale. It is of general relevance for the splitting and reactivity of covalently bound molecules.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
oxide, thin film, DFT
English
2013
117
20
10623
10629
none
Chen, H., Giordano, L., Pacchioni, G. (2013). From Heterolytic to Homolytic H-2 Dissociation on Nanostructured MgO(001) Films As a Function of the Metal Support. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 117(20), 10623-10629 [10.1021/jp4037588].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/50105
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