In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the chronological lifespan (CLS) is defined as the length of time that a population of nondividing cells can survive in stationary phase. In this phase, cells remain metabolically active, albeit at reduced levels, and responsive to environmental signals, thus simulating the postmitotic quiescent state of mammalian cells. Many studies on the main nutrient signaling pathways have uncovered the strong influence of growth conditions, including the composition of culture media, on CLS. In this context, two byproducts of yeast glucose fermentation, ethanol and acetic acid, have been proposed as extrinsic proaging factors. Here, we report that ethanol and acetic acid, at physiological levels released in the exhausted medium, both contribute to chronological aging. Moreover, this combined proaging effect is not due to a toxic environment created by their presence but is mainly mediated by the metabolic pathways required for their utilization as carbon/energy sources. In addition, measurements of key enzymatic activities of the glyoxylate cycle and gluconeogenesis, together with respiration assays performed in extreme calorie restriction, point to a long-term quiescent program favoured by glyoxylate/gluconeogenesis flux contrary to a proaging one based on the oxidative metabolism of ethanol/acetate via TCA and mitochondrial respiration.

Orlandi, I., Ronzulli, R., Casatta, N., & Vai, M. (2013). Ethanol and acetate acting as carbon/energy sources negatively affect yeast chronological aging. OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY [10.1155/2013/802870].

Ethanol and acetate acting as carbon/energy sources negatively affect yeast chronological aging.

ORLANDI, IVAN;VAI, MARINA
2013

Abstract

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the chronological lifespan (CLS) is defined as the length of time that a population of nondividing cells can survive in stationary phase. In this phase, cells remain metabolically active, albeit at reduced levels, and responsive to environmental signals, thus simulating the postmitotic quiescent state of mammalian cells. Many studies on the main nutrient signaling pathways have uncovered the strong influence of growth conditions, including the composition of culture media, on CLS. In this context, two byproducts of yeast glucose fermentation, ethanol and acetic acid, have been proposed as extrinsic proaging factors. Here, we report that ethanol and acetic acid, at physiological levels released in the exhausted medium, both contribute to chronological aging. Moreover, this combined proaging effect is not due to a toxic environment created by their presence but is mainly mediated by the metabolic pathways required for their utilization as carbon/energy sources. In addition, measurements of key enzymatic activities of the glyoxylate cycle and gluconeogenesis, together with respiration assays performed in extreme calorie restriction, point to a long-term quiescent program favoured by glyoxylate/gluconeogenesis flux contrary to a proaging one based on the oxidative metabolism of ethanol/acetate via TCA and mitochondrial respiration.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Yeast, Chronological aging; Acetate; Ethanol; Metabolism;
English
Article number 802870
Orlandi, I., Ronzulli, R., Casatta, N., & Vai, M. (2013). Ethanol and acetate acting as carbon/energy sources negatively affect yeast chronological aging. OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY [10.1155/2013/802870].
Orlandi, I; Ronzulli, R; Casatta, N; Vai, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/48715
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