Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein complexes that provide protection to the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Telomeric DNA consists of tandemly repeated G-rich sequences that terminate with a 3' single-stranded overhang, which is important for telomere extension by the telomerase enzyme. This structure, as well as most of the proteins that specifically bind double and single-stranded telomeric DNA, are conserved from yeast to humans, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying telomere identity are based on common principles. The telomeric 3' overhang is generated by different events depending on whether the newly synthesized strand is the product of leading- or lagging-strand synthesis. Here, we review the mechanisms that regulate these processes at Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammalian telomeres.

Bonetti, D., Martina, M., Falcettoni, M., & Longhese, M. (2013). Telomere-end processing: mechanisms and regulation. CHROMOSOMA, 123(1-2), 57-66 [10.1007/s00412-013-0440-y].

Telomere-end processing: mechanisms and regulation

BONETTI, DIEGO;LONGHESE, MARIA PIA
2013

Abstract

Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein complexes that provide protection to the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Telomeric DNA consists of tandemly repeated G-rich sequences that terminate with a 3' single-stranded overhang, which is important for telomere extension by the telomerase enzyme. This structure, as well as most of the proteins that specifically bind double and single-stranded telomeric DNA, are conserved from yeast to humans, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying telomere identity are based on common principles. The telomeric 3' overhang is generated by different events depending on whether the newly synthesized strand is the product of leading- or lagging-strand synthesis. Here, we review the mechanisms that regulate these processes at Saccharomyces cerevisiae and mammalian telomeres.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Scientifica
Telomere, Resection, Single-strand DNA, Nucleases DNA replication
English
Bonetti, D., Martina, M., Falcettoni, M., & Longhese, M. (2013). Telomere-end processing: mechanisms and regulation. CHROMOSOMA, 123(1-2), 57-66 [10.1007/s00412-013-0440-y].
Bonetti, D; Martina, M; Falcettoni, M; Longhese, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/48667
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