Blood pressure (BP) is characterized by marked fl uctuations occurring within the 24 h as a result of complex interactions between behavioral, environmental, humoral, and neural central or refl ex infl uences. Signifi cant BP variations also occur over more prolonged periods of time (i.e. between days, weeks, months, seasons and even years), not as a random phenomenon but as a result of several interacting factors yet not completely identifi ed. Depending on the method and time interval considered for measurement, the clinical signifi cance and prognostic implications of different types of BP variability (BPV) may substantially differ. Either in the short or in the long term, BPV has been associated with development, progression and severity of cardiac, vascular and renal organ damage and with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, independently adding to cardiovascular risk, over and above the contribution of elevated mean BP levels. The present paper provides a review on the main methods currently employed for assessment of BPV as well as on the mechanisms, clinical interpretation and prognostic signifi cance of different types of BPV, addressing the question on whether BPV should be a target for antihypertensive treatment for the current prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Parati, G., OCHOA MUNERA, J., Lombardi, C., Salvi, P., & Bilo, G. (2013). Assessment and interpretation of blood pressure variability in a clinical setting. BLOOD PRESSURE, 22(6), 345-354 [10.3109/08037051.2013.782944].

Assessment and interpretation of blood pressure variability in a clinical setting

PARATI, GIANFRANCO;OCHOA MUNERA, JUAN EUGENIO;LOMBARDI, CAROLINA;BILO, GRZEGORZ
2013

Abstract

Blood pressure (BP) is characterized by marked fl uctuations occurring within the 24 h as a result of complex interactions between behavioral, environmental, humoral, and neural central or refl ex infl uences. Signifi cant BP variations also occur over more prolonged periods of time (i.e. between days, weeks, months, seasons and even years), not as a random phenomenon but as a result of several interacting factors yet not completely identifi ed. Depending on the method and time interval considered for measurement, the clinical signifi cance and prognostic implications of different types of BP variability (BPV) may substantially differ. Either in the short or in the long term, BPV has been associated with development, progression and severity of cardiac, vascular and renal organ damage and with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, independently adding to cardiovascular risk, over and above the contribution of elevated mean BP levels. The present paper provides a review on the main methods currently employed for assessment of BPV as well as on the mechanisms, clinical interpretation and prognostic signifi cance of different types of BPV, addressing the question on whether BPV should be a target for antihypertensive treatment for the current prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Ambulatory BP monitoring , antihypertensive treatment , arterial hypertension , blood pressure , BP , cardiovascular morbidity and mortality , cardiovascular risk , home BP monitoring , short- and long-term BP variability
English
Parati, G., OCHOA MUNERA, J., Lombardi, C., Salvi, P., & Bilo, G. (2013). Assessment and interpretation of blood pressure variability in a clinical setting. BLOOD PRESSURE, 22(6), 345-354 [10.3109/08037051.2013.782944].
Parati, G; OCHOA MUNERA, J; Lombardi, C; Salvi, P; Bilo, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/48440
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