Natural killer (NK) cells have antitumor, antiviral, and antibacterial functions, and efforts are being made to manipulate them in immunotherapeutic approaches. However, their activation mechanisms remain poorly defined, particularly during bacterial infections. Here, we show that upon lipopolysaccharide or E.coli exposure, dendritic cells (DCs) produce three cytokines-interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-18, and interferon β (IFN-β)-necessary and sufficient for NK cell activation. IFN-β enhances NK cell activation by inducing IL-15 and IL-15 receptor α not only in DCs but, surprisingly, also in NK cells. This process allows the transfer of IL-15 on NK cell surface and its cis presentation. cis-presented NK cell-derived and trans-presentedDC-derived IL-15 contribute equally to optimal NK cell activation

Zanoni, I., Spreafico, R., Bodio, C., Di gioia, M., Cigni, C., Broggi, A., et al. (2013). IL-15 cis Presentation Is Required for Optimal NK Cell Activation in Lipopolysaccharide-Mediated Inflammatory Conditions. CELL REPORTS, 4(6), 1235-1249 [10.1016/j.celrep.2013.08.021].

IL-15 cis Presentation Is Required for Optimal NK Cell Activation in Lipopolysaccharide-Mediated Inflammatory Conditions

ZANONI, IVAN;SPREAFICO, ROBERTO;BODIO, CATERINA;CIGNI, CLARA;BROGGI, ACHILLE;GORLETTA, TATIANA ALESSANDRA;CACCIA, MICHELE;CHIRICO, GIUSEPPE;SIRONI, LAURA;COLLINI, MADDALENA;GRANUCCI, FRANCESCA
2013

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cells have antitumor, antiviral, and antibacterial functions, and efforts are being made to manipulate them in immunotherapeutic approaches. However, their activation mechanisms remain poorly defined, particularly during bacterial infections. Here, we show that upon lipopolysaccharide or E.coli exposure, dendritic cells (DCs) produce three cytokines-interleukin 2 (IL-2), IL-18, and interferon β (IFN-β)-necessary and sufficient for NK cell activation. IFN-β enhances NK cell activation by inducing IL-15 and IL-15 receptor α not only in DCs but, surprisingly, also in NK cells. This process allows the transfer of IL-15 on NK cell surface and its cis presentation. cis-presented NK cell-derived and trans-presentedDC-derived IL-15 contribute equally to optimal NK cell activation
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
natural-killer-cells; CD8(+) T-cells; ifn-gamma production; dendritic cells; in-vivo; cutting edge; trans-presentation; viral-infections; interferon-gamma; cytomegalovirus-infection
English
Zanoni, I., Spreafico, R., Bodio, C., Di gioia, M., Cigni, C., Broggi, A., et al. (2013). IL-15 cis Presentation Is Required for Optimal NK Cell Activation in Lipopolysaccharide-Mediated Inflammatory Conditions. CELL REPORTS, 4(6), 1235-1249 [10.1016/j.celrep.2013.08.021].
Zanoni, I; Spreafico, R; Bodio, C; Di gioia, M; Cigni, C; Broggi, A; Gorletta, T; Caccia, M; Chirico, G; Sironi, L; Collini, M; Colombo, M; Garbi, N; Granucci, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/48190
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