Liver diseases (LDs) have a high impact on morbidity, mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Different LDs may have different effects on patients’ HRQoL. The aim of our study was to assess the reliability and benefit of using a generic HRQoL questionnaire to evaluate the health status of patients with the major liver conditions: hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), NAFLD/NASH and patients in the liver transplant list. A naturalistic, prospective, multicenter study has been conducted to generate and validate a set of health care outcomes indicators for the major liver conditions. LDs patients (age>18 years) were enrolled in 3 major Italian medical centers and are still being followed up (median f-up: 13 months). Within this study, socio-demographic, clinical and HRQoL were collected using the EQ-5D-3L, a generic instrument that enables HRQoL to compared within and between clinical conditions and with the general population. It generates a health profile made up of 5 domains (mobility, self care, anxiety/depression, usual activities and pain/discomfort), each one with three levels of severity. It also consists of a visual analogue scale (EQ-5D VAS) which measures overall HRQoL in a range from 0 (worst imaginable health state) to 100 (best imaginable health state). The baseline HRQoL data was analyzed dividing the patients in sub-groups according to the most recently diagnosed and most severe condition. The results reported below focus on the mean VAS. We enrolled 3,217 patients, 64.8% male, aged 19-91 (median=61) years; 95.0% of them filled in the EQ-5D at baseline. Patients in the HCC group were 22.6%, those with compensated cirrhosis were 21.2%, HCV 20.9%, decompensated cirrhosis 10.3%, HBV 9.5%. The HBV group reported the best HRQoL with a mean EQ-5D VAS of 77.8. NAFLD/NASH, HCV and PSC patients had a similar HRQoL with a mean EQ-5D VAS between 76.5 and 75.1. While, compensated cirrhosis and PBC had a slightly worsen values (74.5 and 74.0, respectively). HCC and decompensated cirrhosis showed a mean EQ-5D VAS of about 69.0. At least, AIH and listed for liver transplant patients reported the worst HRQoL levels than the other sub-groups (67.7 and 67.0, respectively). In conclusion, EQ-5D is well accepted by the patients and accurately reflects the changes in HRQoL related to the clinical severity of LDs. Understanding the different impact of LDs on the patients’ HRQoL could help physicians and decision makers to better estimate the burden of these conditions and to improve the quality of care

Cortesi, P., Scalone, L., Ciampichini, R., Cozzolino, P., Cesana, G., Mantovani, L., et al. (2013). Health Related Quality of Life in the Major Liver Conditions. HEPATOLOGY, 58(Suppl 1), 1210A-1210A.

Health Related Quality of Life in the Major Liver Conditions

CORTESI, PAOLO ANGELO
Primo
;
SCALONE, LUCIANA
Secondo
;
CESANA, GIANCARLO;MANTOVANI, LORENZO GIOVANNI;OKOLICSANYI, STEFANO;CIACCIO, ANTONIO;ROTA, MATTEO;GEMMA, MARTA;Colledan, M;Fagiuoli, S;VALSECCHI, MARIA GRAZIA;STRAZZABOSCO, MARIO
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

Liver diseases (LDs) have a high impact on morbidity, mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Different LDs may have different effects on patients’ HRQoL. The aim of our study was to assess the reliability and benefit of using a generic HRQoL questionnaire to evaluate the health status of patients with the major liver conditions: hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), NAFLD/NASH and patients in the liver transplant list. A naturalistic, prospective, multicenter study has been conducted to generate and validate a set of health care outcomes indicators for the major liver conditions. LDs patients (age>18 years) were enrolled in 3 major Italian medical centers and are still being followed up (median f-up: 13 months). Within this study, socio-demographic, clinical and HRQoL were collected using the EQ-5D-3L, a generic instrument that enables HRQoL to compared within and between clinical conditions and with the general population. It generates a health profile made up of 5 domains (mobility, self care, anxiety/depression, usual activities and pain/discomfort), each one with three levels of severity. It also consists of a visual analogue scale (EQ-5D VAS) which measures overall HRQoL in a range from 0 (worst imaginable health state) to 100 (best imaginable health state). The baseline HRQoL data was analyzed dividing the patients in sub-groups according to the most recently diagnosed and most severe condition. The results reported below focus on the mean VAS. We enrolled 3,217 patients, 64.8% male, aged 19-91 (median=61) years; 95.0% of them filled in the EQ-5D at baseline. Patients in the HCC group were 22.6%, those with compensated cirrhosis were 21.2%, HCV 20.9%, decompensated cirrhosis 10.3%, HBV 9.5%. The HBV group reported the best HRQoL with a mean EQ-5D VAS of 77.8. NAFLD/NASH, HCV and PSC patients had a similar HRQoL with a mean EQ-5D VAS between 76.5 and 75.1. While, compensated cirrhosis and PBC had a slightly worsen values (74.5 and 74.0, respectively). HCC and decompensated cirrhosis showed a mean EQ-5D VAS of about 69.0. At least, AIH and listed for liver transplant patients reported the worst HRQoL levels than the other sub-groups (67.7 and 67.0, respectively). In conclusion, EQ-5D is well accepted by the patients and accurately reflects the changes in HRQoL related to the clinical severity of LDs. Understanding the different impact of LDs on the patients’ HRQoL could help physicians and decision makers to better estimate the burden of these conditions and to improve the quality of care
Si
Abstract in rivista
Scientifica
Health care indicators; Liver diseases; Quality of care
English
Poster n° 2072 presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the “American Association for the Study of Liver Disesases (AASLD)”. Washington (USA), 01-05 November 2013.
Cortesi, P., Scalone, L., Ciampichini, R., Cozzolino, P., Cesana, G., Mantovani, L., et al. (2013). Health Related Quality of Life in the Major Liver Conditions. HEPATOLOGY, 58(Suppl 1), 1210A-1210A.
Cortesi, P; Scalone, L; Ciampichini, R; Cozzolino, P; Cesana, G; Mantovani, L; Okolicsanyi, S; Ciaccio, A; Rota, M; Gentiluomo, M; Gemma, M; Grisolia, A; Pontisso, P; Burra, P; Mondelli, M; Fabris, L; Colledan, M; Fagiuoli, S; Valsecchi, M; Belli, L; Strazzabosco, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/47832
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