Introduction: Limited data is available regarding the incidence of pressure injuries in patients who have undergone Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), a life-saving technique that provides respiratory support for hypoxemia that does not respond to conventional treatment. Aim: To assess the incidence of pressure injuries and identify the risk factors in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome patients receiving ECMO. Methods: A retrospective observational study utilizing prospectively collected data was performed in an Italian intensive care unit, between 1 January 2012 and 30 April 2022 enrolling all consecutive patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome who underwent ECMO. Results: One hundred patients were included in this study. 67 patients (67%) developed pressure injuries during their intensive care unit stay, with a median of 2 (1–3) sites affected. The subgroup of patients with pressure injuries was more hypoxic before ECMO implementation, received more frequent continuous renal replacement therapy and prone positioning, and showed prolonged ECMO duration, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay compared to patients without pressure injuries. The logistic model demonstrated an independent association between the pO2/FiO2 ratio prior to ECMO initiation, the utilization of the prone positioning during ECMO, and the occurrence of pressure injuries. Conclusions: The incidence of pressure injuries was elevated in patients with Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome who received ECMO. The development of pressure injuries was found to be independently associated with hypoxemia before ECMO initiation and the utilization of prone positioning during ECMO. Implications for clinical practice: Patients who require ECMO for respiratory failure are at a high risk of developing pressure injuries. To ensure optimal outcomes during ECMO implementation and treatment, it is vital to implement preventive measures and to closely monitor skin health in at-risk areas.

Lucchini, A., Villa, M., Maino, C., Alongi, F., Fiorica, V., Lipani, B., et al. (2024). The occurrence of pressure injuries and related risk factors in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure: A retrospective single centre study. INTENSIVE & CRITICAL CARE NURSING, 82(June 2024) [10.1016/j.iccn.2024.103654].

The occurrence of pressure injuries and related risk factors in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure: A retrospective single centre study

Rezoagli E.;Giani M.
2024

Abstract

Introduction: Limited data is available regarding the incidence of pressure injuries in patients who have undergone Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO), a life-saving technique that provides respiratory support for hypoxemia that does not respond to conventional treatment. Aim: To assess the incidence of pressure injuries and identify the risk factors in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome patients receiving ECMO. Methods: A retrospective observational study utilizing prospectively collected data was performed in an Italian intensive care unit, between 1 January 2012 and 30 April 2022 enrolling all consecutive patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome who underwent ECMO. Results: One hundred patients were included in this study. 67 patients (67%) developed pressure injuries during their intensive care unit stay, with a median of 2 (1–3) sites affected. The subgroup of patients with pressure injuries was more hypoxic before ECMO implementation, received more frequent continuous renal replacement therapy and prone positioning, and showed prolonged ECMO duration, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay compared to patients without pressure injuries. The logistic model demonstrated an independent association between the pO2/FiO2 ratio prior to ECMO initiation, the utilization of the prone positioning during ECMO, and the occurrence of pressure injuries. Conclusions: The incidence of pressure injuries was elevated in patients with Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome who received ECMO. The development of pressure injuries was found to be independently associated with hypoxemia before ECMO initiation and the utilization of prone positioning during ECMO. Implications for clinical practice: Patients who require ECMO for respiratory failure are at a high risk of developing pressure injuries. To ensure optimal outcomes during ECMO implementation and treatment, it is vital to implement preventive measures and to closely monitor skin health in at-risk areas.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
ARDS; ECMO; Pressure injuries; Pressure injury; Prone position;
English
21-feb-2024
2024
82
June 2024
103654
none
Lucchini, A., Villa, M., Maino, C., Alongi, F., Fiorica, V., Lipani, B., et al. (2024). The occurrence of pressure injuries and related risk factors in patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for respiratory failure: A retrospective single centre study. INTENSIVE & CRITICAL CARE NURSING, 82(June 2024) [10.1016/j.iccn.2024.103654].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/476681
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