HCV infection could have extrahepatic manifestations due to an aberrant immune response. HCV/HIV co-infection increases such persistent immune activation. Aim of the present study is to describe the evolution of inflammatory markers used in clinical practice, mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) and autoantibody reactivity in co-infected individuals who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) after DAA treatment. This prospective, observational study included all HIV/HCV co-infected subjects who started any DAA regimen from 2015 to 2020. Samples for laboratory measurements (ferritin, C reactive protein, C3 and C4 fractions, rheumatoid factor, MC, anti-thyroglobulin Ab, anti-thyroid peroxidase Ab, ANCA, ASMA, anti-LKM, anti-DNA, AMA, ANA, T CD4+ and CD8+ cell count, and CD4/CD8 ratio) were collected at baseline, after 4 weeks, at end of treatment, and at SVR12. The analysis included 129 individuals: 51.9% with a F0–F3 fibrosis and 48.1% with liver cirrhosis. Cryocrit, C3 fraction, and rheumatoid factor significantly improved at week 4; ferritin, anti-thyroglobulin Ab, and C4 fraction at EOT; total leukocytes count at SVR12. MC positivity decreased from 72.8% to 35.8% (p <.001). T CD4+ cell slightly increased at SVR12, but with an increase also in CD8+ resulting in stable CD4/CD8 ratio. Autoantibody reactivity did not change significantly. ANA rods and rings positivity increased from 14.8% to 28.6% (p =.099): they were observed in three subjects without exposure to RBV. DAA therapy may lead to improvement in inflammatory markers and MC clearance but without significant changes in autoantibodies reactivity and CD4/CD8 ratio over a follow up of 12 weeks.

Rossotti, R., Merli, M., Baiguera, C., Bana, N., Rezzonico, L., D'Amico, F., et al. (2023). Impact of treatment with direct-acting antivirals on inflammatory markers and autoantibodies in HIV/HCV co-infected individuals. JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS, 30(6), 530-539 [10.1111/jvh.13818].

Impact of treatment with direct-acting antivirals on inflammatory markers and autoantibodies in HIV/HCV co-infected individuals

Bana, NB;Puoti, M
2023

Abstract

HCV infection could have extrahepatic manifestations due to an aberrant immune response. HCV/HIV co-infection increases such persistent immune activation. Aim of the present study is to describe the evolution of inflammatory markers used in clinical practice, mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) and autoantibody reactivity in co-infected individuals who achieved sustained virological response (SVR) after DAA treatment. This prospective, observational study included all HIV/HCV co-infected subjects who started any DAA regimen from 2015 to 2020. Samples for laboratory measurements (ferritin, C reactive protein, C3 and C4 fractions, rheumatoid factor, MC, anti-thyroglobulin Ab, anti-thyroid peroxidase Ab, ANCA, ASMA, anti-LKM, anti-DNA, AMA, ANA, T CD4+ and CD8+ cell count, and CD4/CD8 ratio) were collected at baseline, after 4 weeks, at end of treatment, and at SVR12. The analysis included 129 individuals: 51.9% with a F0–F3 fibrosis and 48.1% with liver cirrhosis. Cryocrit, C3 fraction, and rheumatoid factor significantly improved at week 4; ferritin, anti-thyroglobulin Ab, and C4 fraction at EOT; total leukocytes count at SVR12. MC positivity decreased from 72.8% to 35.8% (p <.001). T CD4+ cell slightly increased at SVR12, but with an increase also in CD8+ resulting in stable CD4/CD8 ratio. Autoantibody reactivity did not change significantly. ANA rods and rings positivity increased from 14.8% to 28.6% (p =.099): they were observed in three subjects without exposure to RBV. DAA therapy may lead to improvement in inflammatory markers and MC clearance but without significant changes in autoantibodies reactivity and CD4/CD8 ratio over a follow up of 12 weeks.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
autoantibodies; DAA; HCV; HIV; mixed cryoglobulinemia; rods and rings fluorescence;
English
11-feb-2023
2023
30
6
530
539
none
Rossotti, R., Merli, M., Baiguera, C., Bana, N., Rezzonico, L., D'Amico, F., et al. (2023). Impact of treatment with direct-acting antivirals on inflammatory markers and autoantibodies in HIV/HCV co-infected individuals. JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS, 30(6), 530-539 [10.1111/jvh.13818].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/474802
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