Seismocardiogram (SCG) is the measure of the micro-vibrations produced by the heart contraction and blood ejection into the vascular tree. Over time, a large body of evidence has been collected on the ability of SCG to reflect cardiac mechanical events such as opening and closure ofmitral and aortic valves, atrial filling and point of maximal aortic blood ejection.We recently developed a smart garment, namedMagIC-SCG, that allows the monitoring of SCG, electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration out of the laboratory setting in ambulant subjects. The present pilot study illustrates the results of two different experiments performed to obtain a first evaluation on whether a dynamical assessment of indexes of cardiac mechanics can be obtained from SCG recordings obtained by MagIC-SCG. In the first experiment, we evaluated the consistency of the estimates of two indexes of cardiac contractility, the pre-ejection period, PEP, and the left ventricular ejection time, LVET. This was done in the lab, by reproducing an experimental protocol well known in literature, so that our measures derived from SCG could have been compared with PEP and LVET reference values obtained by traditional techniques. Six healthy subjects worn MagIC-SCGwhile assuming two different postures (supine and standing); PEPwas estimated as the time interval between theQwave in ECG and the SCGwave corresponding to the opening of aortic valve; LVET was the time interval between the SCGwaves corresponding to the opening and closure of the aortic valve. The shift from supine to standing posture produced a significant increase in PEP and PEP/LVET ratio, a reduction in LVET and a concomitant rise in the LF/HF ratio in the RR interval (RRI) power spectrum. These results are in line with data available in literature thus providing a first support to the validity of our estimates. In the second experiment, we evaluated in one subject the feasibility of the beat-by-beat assessment of LVET during spontaneous behavior. The subject was continuously monitored by the smart garment from 8 am to 8 pm during aworkday. Fromthe whole recording, three data segments were selected:while the subjectwas traveling to work (M1), during work in the office (O) and while traveling back home (M2). LVET was estimated on a beat-by-beat basis fromSCGand the RRI influencewas removed by regression analysis. The LVET series displayed marked beat-by-beat fluctuations at the respiratory frequency. The amplitude of these fluctuations changed in the three periods and was lowerwhen the LF/HF RRI power ratio was higher, at O, thus suggesting a possible influence of the autonomic nervous system on LVET short-term variability. To the best of our knowledge this case report provides for the first time a representation of the beat-by-beat dynamics of a systolic time interval during daily activity. The statistical characterization of these findings remains to be explored on a larger population

Di Rienzo, M., Vaini, E., Castiglioni, P., Merati, G., Meriggi, P., Parati, G., et al. (2013). Wearable seismocardiography: towards a beat-by-beat assessment of cardiac mechanics in ambulant subjects. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 178, 50-59 [10.1016/j.autneu.2013.04.005].

Wearable seismocardiography: towards a beat-by-beat assessment of cardiac mechanics in ambulant subjects

PARATI, GIANFRANCO;FAINI, ANDREA;
2013

Abstract

Seismocardiogram (SCG) is the measure of the micro-vibrations produced by the heart contraction and blood ejection into the vascular tree. Over time, a large body of evidence has been collected on the ability of SCG to reflect cardiac mechanical events such as opening and closure ofmitral and aortic valves, atrial filling and point of maximal aortic blood ejection.We recently developed a smart garment, namedMagIC-SCG, that allows the monitoring of SCG, electrocardiogram (ECG) and respiration out of the laboratory setting in ambulant subjects. The present pilot study illustrates the results of two different experiments performed to obtain a first evaluation on whether a dynamical assessment of indexes of cardiac mechanics can be obtained from SCG recordings obtained by MagIC-SCG. In the first experiment, we evaluated the consistency of the estimates of two indexes of cardiac contractility, the pre-ejection period, PEP, and the left ventricular ejection time, LVET. This was done in the lab, by reproducing an experimental protocol well known in literature, so that our measures derived from SCG could have been compared with PEP and LVET reference values obtained by traditional techniques. Six healthy subjects worn MagIC-SCGwhile assuming two different postures (supine and standing); PEPwas estimated as the time interval between theQwave in ECG and the SCGwave corresponding to the opening of aortic valve; LVET was the time interval between the SCGwaves corresponding to the opening and closure of the aortic valve. The shift from supine to standing posture produced a significant increase in PEP and PEP/LVET ratio, a reduction in LVET and a concomitant rise in the LF/HF ratio in the RR interval (RRI) power spectrum. These results are in line with data available in literature thus providing a first support to the validity of our estimates. In the second experiment, we evaluated in one subject the feasibility of the beat-by-beat assessment of LVET during spontaneous behavior. The subject was continuously monitored by the smart garment from 8 am to 8 pm during aworkday. Fromthe whole recording, three data segments were selected:while the subjectwas traveling to work (M1), during work in the office (O) and while traveling back home (M2). LVET was estimated on a beat-by-beat basis fromSCGand the RRI influencewas removed by regression analysis. The LVET series displayed marked beat-by-beat fluctuations at the respiratory frequency. The amplitude of these fluctuations changed in the three periods and was lowerwhen the LF/HF RRI power ratio was higher, at O, thus suggesting a possible influence of the autonomic nervous system on LVET short-term variability. To the best of our knowledge this case report provides for the first time a representation of the beat-by-beat dynamics of a systolic time interval during daily activity. The statistical characterization of these findings remains to be explored on a larger population
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Seismocardiography, Cardiac mechanics, Autonomic heart control, Wearable sensors
English
2013
178
50
59
reserved
Di Rienzo, M., Vaini, E., Castiglioni, P., Merati, G., Meriggi, P., Parati, G., et al. (2013). Wearable seismocardiography: towards a beat-by-beat assessment of cardiac mechanics in ambulant subjects. AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE: BASIC & CLINICAL, 178, 50-59 [10.1016/j.autneu.2013.04.005].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/47036
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