We present an example of how an invasion by a non-native cyprinid (common bream, Abramis brama (Pisces: Cyprinidae), hereafter bream) in a natural shallow lake in southern Europe (Lake Montorfano, northern Italy) may have adversely affected the state of the lake’s ecosystem. In less than two decades, bream became the most abundant species and characterized by a stunted population with asymptotic length 33.5 cm, an estimated mean length at first maturity of 19.6 cm, a total mortality rate of 0.64 year-1 and a diet overwhelmingly dominated by microcrustaceans. Following bream establishment, nutrients and phytoplankton biomass rose, the proportion of Cyanobacteria by numbers increased markedly and water transparency decreased. Total zooplankton abundance increased with a marked increase in small cladocerans and copepods, whereas the abundance of large herbivorous cladocerans did not change. The coverage of submerged macrophytes declined, as did the abundance of native pelagic zooplanktivorous fish. The composition of the fish community shifted towards a higher proportion of zoobenthivorous species, such as bream and pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus). Our results indicate that bream affected water quality through bottom-upmechanisms,while top-downeffects were comparatively weak. Selective removal of bream and perhaps stocking of native piscivores might improve the ecological status of the lake

Volta, P., Jeppesen, E., Leoni, B., Campi, B., Sala, P., Garibaldi, L., et al. (2013). Recent invasion by a non-native cyprinid (common bream Abramis brama) is followed by major changes in the ecological quality of a shallow lake in southern Europe. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS, 15(9), 2065-2079 [10.1007/s10530-013-0433-z].

Recent invasion by a non-native cyprinid (common bream Abramis brama) is followed by major changes in the ecological quality of a shallow lake in southern Europe

LEONI, BARBARA;GARIBALDI, LETIZIA;
2013

Abstract

We present an example of how an invasion by a non-native cyprinid (common bream, Abramis brama (Pisces: Cyprinidae), hereafter bream) in a natural shallow lake in southern Europe (Lake Montorfano, northern Italy) may have adversely affected the state of the lake’s ecosystem. In less than two decades, bream became the most abundant species and characterized by a stunted population with asymptotic length 33.5 cm, an estimated mean length at first maturity of 19.6 cm, a total mortality rate of 0.64 year-1 and a diet overwhelmingly dominated by microcrustaceans. Following bream establishment, nutrients and phytoplankton biomass rose, the proportion of Cyanobacteria by numbers increased markedly and water transparency decreased. Total zooplankton abundance increased with a marked increase in small cladocerans and copepods, whereas the abundance of large herbivorous cladocerans did not change. The coverage of submerged macrophytes declined, as did the abundance of native pelagic zooplanktivorous fish. The composition of the fish community shifted towards a higher proportion of zoobenthivorous species, such as bream and pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus). Our results indicate that bream affected water quality through bottom-upmechanisms,while top-downeffects were comparatively weak. Selective removal of bream and perhaps stocking of native piscivores might improve the ecological status of the lake
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Invasive alien species, IAS, Electrofishing, Multi-mesh survey, gill nets, CPUE, Cyprinids Ecosystem functioning
English, Middle (1100-1500)
2065
2079
15
Volta, P., Jeppesen, E., Leoni, B., Campi, B., Sala, P., Garibaldi, L., et al. (2013). Recent invasion by a non-native cyprinid (common bream Abramis brama) is followed by major changes in the ecological quality of a shallow lake in southern Europe. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS, 15(9), 2065-2079 [10.1007/s10530-013-0433-z].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/46522
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