Aims: The heterozygous phospholamban (PLN) mutation R14del (PLN R14del+/−) is associated with a severe arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) developing in the adult. “Superinhibition” of SERCA2a by PLN R14del is widely assumed to underlie the pathogenesis, but alternative mechanisms such abnormal energy metabolism have also been reported. This work aims to (1) to evaluate Ca2+ dynamics and energy metabolism in a transgenic (TG) mouse model of the mutation prior to cardiomyopathy development; (2) to test whether they are causally connected. Methods: Ca2+ dynamics, energy metabolism parameters, reporters of mitochondrial integrity, energy, and redox homeostasis were measured in ventricular myocytes of 8–12 weeks-old, phenotypically silent, TG mice. Mutation effects were compared to pharmacological PLN antagonism and analyzed during modulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and cytosolic Ca2+ compartments. Transcripts and proteins of relevant signaling pathways were evaluated. Results: The mutation was characterized by hyperdynamic Ca2+ handling, compatible with a loss of SERCA2a inhibition by PLN. All components of energy metabolism were depressed; myocyte energy charge was preserved under quiescence but reduced during stimulation. Cytosolic Ca2+ buffering or SERCA2a blockade reduced O2 consumption with larger effect in the mutant. Signaling changes suggest cellular adaptation to perturbed Ca2+ dynamics and response to stress. Conclusions: (1) PLN R14del+/− loses its ability to inhibit SERCA2a, which argues against SERCA2a superinhibition as a pathogenetic mechanism; (2) depressed energy metabolism, its enhanced dependency on Ca2+ and activation of signaling responses point to an early involvement of metabolic stress in the pathogenesis of this ACM model.

Maniezzi, C., Eskandr, M., Florindi, C., Ferrandi, M., Barassi, P., Sacco, E., et al. (2024). Early consequences of the phospholamban mutation PLN-R14del+/− in a transgenic mouse model. ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, 240(3 (March 2024)) [10.1111/apha.14082].

Early consequences of the phospholamban mutation PLN-R14del+/− in a transgenic mouse model

Maniezzi C.;Eskandr M.;Florindi C.;Sacco E.;Pasquale V.;Lodola F.
Co-ultimo
;
Zaza A.
Co-ultimo
2024

Abstract

Aims: The heterozygous phospholamban (PLN) mutation R14del (PLN R14del+/−) is associated with a severe arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) developing in the adult. “Superinhibition” of SERCA2a by PLN R14del is widely assumed to underlie the pathogenesis, but alternative mechanisms such abnormal energy metabolism have also been reported. This work aims to (1) to evaluate Ca2+ dynamics and energy metabolism in a transgenic (TG) mouse model of the mutation prior to cardiomyopathy development; (2) to test whether they are causally connected. Methods: Ca2+ dynamics, energy metabolism parameters, reporters of mitochondrial integrity, energy, and redox homeostasis were measured in ventricular myocytes of 8–12 weeks-old, phenotypically silent, TG mice. Mutation effects were compared to pharmacological PLN antagonism and analyzed during modulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and cytosolic Ca2+ compartments. Transcripts and proteins of relevant signaling pathways were evaluated. Results: The mutation was characterized by hyperdynamic Ca2+ handling, compatible with a loss of SERCA2a inhibition by PLN. All components of energy metabolism were depressed; myocyte energy charge was preserved under quiescence but reduced during stimulation. Cytosolic Ca2+ buffering or SERCA2a blockade reduced O2 consumption with larger effect in the mutant. Signaling changes suggest cellular adaptation to perturbed Ca2+ dynamics and response to stress. Conclusions: (1) PLN R14del+/− loses its ability to inhibit SERCA2a, which argues against SERCA2a superinhibition as a pathogenetic mechanism; (2) depressed energy metabolism, its enhanced dependency on Ca2+ and activation of signaling responses point to an early involvement of metabolic stress in the pathogenesis of this ACM model.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy; energy metabolism; phospholamban; PLN R14del+/−; PLN-SERCA2a interaction;
English
12-gen-2024
2024
240
3 (March 2024)
e14082
none
Maniezzi, C., Eskandr, M., Florindi, C., Ferrandi, M., Barassi, P., Sacco, E., et al. (2024). Early consequences of the phospholamban mutation PLN-R14del+/− in a transgenic mouse model. ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA, 240(3 (March 2024)) [10.1111/apha.14082].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/461045
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