Background: Japanese Kawasaki disease (KD) risk scores cannot be adopted in non-Japanese patients. In North American populations a baseline coronary artery Z-score > 2 and the Son score are associated with coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) at 4 and 8 weeks from disease onset. In European populations, the Kawanet and Kawanet-echo scores are associated with intravenous immunoglobulin resistance. This study aims to evaluate the association between KD risk scores and baseline coronary artery Z-scores with CAAs at one, two, and six months in a European population. Methods: Historical cohort study of all the children diagnosed with KD in a tertiary care hospital in Milan, Italy, between 1st January 2015 and 31st May 2021. Univariate and multivariate (adjusting for age and corticosteroid therapy) logistic regression analyses were used to study the association between the risk scores, a baseline Z-score ≥ 2 and ≥ 2.5 with CAAs. Results: Eighty-nine patients were diagnosed with KD at our Centre, and 12 were excluded based on the exclusion criteria. We included 77 patients, 51 (66%) males, and 26 (34%) females, with a median age at presentation of 27 months (IQR 13–46). A baseline Z-score ≥ 2 was correlated with CAAs at one and two-month follow-ups (odds ratio (OR) 10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2–72, and OR 18, CI 3-357) but not at six-month follow-up. The Son score showed an association with one and two-month follow-up CAAs (OR 3, CI 1.3-7, and OR 3, CI 1.3-8) but not with a six-month follow-up. Conclusions: Patients with a baseline Z-score ≥ 2 are at higher risk for CAAs in the long term. The Son score should be tested in larger European samples. Further studies should keep the observational periods longer than 8 weeks from KD onset.

La Vecchia, A., Stracquadaino, R., Mauri, L., Baselli, L., Abdallah, R., Cucchetti, M., et al. (2024). Risk factors and scores for prediction of coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease: a European monocentric study. BMC PEDIATRICS, 24(1) [10.1186/s12887-024-04623-3].

Risk factors and scores for prediction of coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease: a European monocentric study

La Vecchia, Adriano
Co-primo
;
2024

Abstract

Background: Japanese Kawasaki disease (KD) risk scores cannot be adopted in non-Japanese patients. In North American populations a baseline coronary artery Z-score > 2 and the Son score are associated with coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) at 4 and 8 weeks from disease onset. In European populations, the Kawanet and Kawanet-echo scores are associated with intravenous immunoglobulin resistance. This study aims to evaluate the association between KD risk scores and baseline coronary artery Z-scores with CAAs at one, two, and six months in a European population. Methods: Historical cohort study of all the children diagnosed with KD in a tertiary care hospital in Milan, Italy, between 1st January 2015 and 31st May 2021. Univariate and multivariate (adjusting for age and corticosteroid therapy) logistic regression analyses were used to study the association between the risk scores, a baseline Z-score ≥ 2 and ≥ 2.5 with CAAs. Results: Eighty-nine patients were diagnosed with KD at our Centre, and 12 were excluded based on the exclusion criteria. We included 77 patients, 51 (66%) males, and 26 (34%) females, with a median age at presentation of 27 months (IQR 13–46). A baseline Z-score ≥ 2 was correlated with CAAs at one and two-month follow-ups (odds ratio (OR) 10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2–72, and OR 18, CI 3-357) but not at six-month follow-up. The Son score showed an association with one and two-month follow-up CAAs (OR 3, CI 1.3-7, and OR 3, CI 1.3-8) but not with a six-month follow-up. Conclusions: Patients with a baseline Z-score ≥ 2 are at higher risk for CAAs in the long term. The Son score should be tested in larger European samples. Further studies should keep the observational periods longer than 8 weeks from KD onset.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Aneurysm; Cardiology; Children; Kawasaki disease; Outcome; Risk factors; Risk scores;
English
23-feb-2024
2024
24
1
139
open
La Vecchia, A., Stracquadaino, R., Mauri, L., Baselli, L., Abdallah, R., Cucchetti, M., et al. (2024). Risk factors and scores for prediction of coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease: a European monocentric study. BMC PEDIATRICS, 24(1) [10.1186/s12887-024-04623-3].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/461041
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