Perovskite materials research has received unprecedented recognition due to its applications in photovoltaics, LEDs, and other large area low-cost electronics. The exceptional improvement in the photovoltaic conversion efficiency of Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) achieved over the last decade has prompted efforts to develop and optimize device fabrication technologies for the industrial and commercial space. However, unstable operation in outdoor environments and toxicity of the employed materials and solvents have hindered this proposition. While their optoelectronic properties are extensively studied, the environmental impacts of the materials and manufacturing methods require further attention. This review summarizes and discusses green and environment-friendly methods for fabricating PSCs, particularly non-toxic solvents, and lead-free alternatives. Greener solvent choices are surveyed for all the solar cell films, (i.e. electron and hole transport, semiconductor, and electrode layers) and their impact on thin film quality, morphology and device performance is explored. We also discuss lead content in perovskites, its environmental impact and sequestration routes, and progress in replacing lead with greener alternatives. This review provides an analysis of sustainable green routes in perovskite solar cell fabrication, discussing the impact of each layer in the device stack, via life cycle analysis.

Podapangi, S., Jafarzadeh, F., Mattiello, S., Korukonda, T., Singh, A., Beverina, L., et al. (2023). Green solvents, materials, and lead-free semiconductors for sustainable fabrication of perovskite solar cells. RSC ADVANCES, 13(27), 18165-18206 [10.1039/d3ra01692g].

Green solvents, materials, and lead-free semiconductors for sustainable fabrication of perovskite solar cells

Mattiello, S;Beverina, L;
2023

Abstract

Perovskite materials research has received unprecedented recognition due to its applications in photovoltaics, LEDs, and other large area low-cost electronics. The exceptional improvement in the photovoltaic conversion efficiency of Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) achieved over the last decade has prompted efforts to develop and optimize device fabrication technologies for the industrial and commercial space. However, unstable operation in outdoor environments and toxicity of the employed materials and solvents have hindered this proposition. While their optoelectronic properties are extensively studied, the environmental impacts of the materials and manufacturing methods require further attention. This review summarizes and discusses green and environment-friendly methods for fabricating PSCs, particularly non-toxic solvents, and lead-free alternatives. Greener solvent choices are surveyed for all the solar cell films, (i.e. electron and hole transport, semiconductor, and electrode layers) and their impact on thin film quality, morphology and device performance is explored. We also discuss lead content in perovskites, its environmental impact and sequestration routes, and progress in replacing lead with greener alternatives. This review provides an analysis of sustainable green routes in perovskite solar cell fabrication, discussing the impact of each layer in the device stack, via life cycle analysis.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Conversion efficiency; Environmental impact; Fabrication; Life cycle; Morphology; Perovskite; Solar power generation; Solvents; Sustainable development
English
15-giu-2023
2023
13
27
18165
18206
open
Podapangi, S., Jafarzadeh, F., Mattiello, S., Korukonda, T., Singh, A., Beverina, L., et al. (2023). Green solvents, materials, and lead-free semiconductors for sustainable fabrication of perovskite solar cells. RSC ADVANCES, 13(27), 18165-18206 [10.1039/d3ra01692g].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/460980
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