Landscapes nearby glaciers are disproportionally affected by climate change, but we lack detailed information on microclimate variations that can modulate the impacts of global warming on proglacial ecosystems and their biodiversity. Here, we use near-subsurface soil temperatures in 175 stations from polar, equatorial and alpine glacier forelands to generate high-resolution temperature reconstructions, assess spatial variability in microclimate change from 2001 to 2020, and estimate whether microclimate heterogeneity might buffer the severity of warming trends. Temporal changes in microclimate are tightly linked to broad-scale conditions, but the rate of local warming shows great spatial heterogeneity, with faster warming nearby glaciers and during the warm season, and an extension of the snow-free season. Still, most of the fine-scale spatial variability of microclimate is one-to-ten times larger than the temporal change experienced during the past 20 years, indicating the potential for microclimate to buffer climate change, possibly allowing organisms to withstand, at least temporarily, the effects of warming.

Marta, S., Zimmer, A., Caccianiga, M., Gobbi, M., Ambrosini, R., Azzoni, R., et al. (2023). Heterogeneous changes of soil microclimate in high mountains and glacier forelands. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14(1) [10.1038/s41467-023-41063-6].

Heterogeneous changes of soil microclimate in high mountains and glacier forelands

Pittino F.;
2023

Abstract

Landscapes nearby glaciers are disproportionally affected by climate change, but we lack detailed information on microclimate variations that can modulate the impacts of global warming on proglacial ecosystems and their biodiversity. Here, we use near-subsurface soil temperatures in 175 stations from polar, equatorial and alpine glacier forelands to generate high-resolution temperature reconstructions, assess spatial variability in microclimate change from 2001 to 2020, and estimate whether microclimate heterogeneity might buffer the severity of warming trends. Temporal changes in microclimate are tightly linked to broad-scale conditions, but the rate of local warming shows great spatial heterogeneity, with faster warming nearby glaciers and during the warm season, and an extension of the snow-free season. Still, most of the fine-scale spatial variability of microclimate is one-to-ten times larger than the temporal change experienced during the past 20 years, indicating the potential for microclimate to buffer climate change, possibly allowing organisms to withstand, at least temporarily, the effects of warming.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Glaciers retreat, microclimate, global warming
English
31-ago-2023
2023
14
1
5306
open
Marta, S., Zimmer, A., Caccianiga, M., Gobbi, M., Ambrosini, R., Azzoni, R., et al. (2023). Heterogeneous changes of soil microclimate in high mountains and glacier forelands. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 14(1) [10.1038/s41467-023-41063-6].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/459719
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