Introduction: Recent evidence suggests that the bone marrow (BM) plays a key role in the diffusion of P. falciparum malaria by providing a “niche” for the maturation of the parasite gametocytes, responsible for human-to-mosquito transmission. Suitable humanized in vivo models to study the mechanisms of the interplay between the parasite and the human BM components are still missing. Methods: We report a novel experimental system based on the infusion of immature P. falciparum gametocytes into immunocompromised mice carrying chimeric ectopic ossicles whose stromal and bone compartments derive from human osteoprogenitor cells. Results: We demonstrate that immature gametocytes home within minutes to the ossicles and reach the extravascular regions, where they are retained in contact with different human BM stromal cell types. Discussion: Our model represents a powerful tool to study BM function and the interplay essential for parasite transmission in P. falciparum malaria and can be extended to study other infections in which the human BM plays a role.

Donsante, S., Siciliano, G., Ciardo, M., Palmisano, B., Messina, V., de Turris, V., et al. (2023). An in vivo humanized model to study homing and sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum transmission stages in the bone marrow. FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY, 13 [10.3389/fcimb.2023.1161669].

An in vivo humanized model to study homing and sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum transmission stages in the bone marrow.

Serafini M;
2023

Abstract

Introduction: Recent evidence suggests that the bone marrow (BM) plays a key role in the diffusion of P. falciparum malaria by providing a “niche” for the maturation of the parasite gametocytes, responsible for human-to-mosquito transmission. Suitable humanized in vivo models to study the mechanisms of the interplay between the parasite and the human BM components are still missing. Methods: We report a novel experimental system based on the infusion of immature P. falciparum gametocytes into immunocompromised mice carrying chimeric ectopic ossicles whose stromal and bone compartments derive from human osteoprogenitor cells. Results: We demonstrate that immature gametocytes home within minutes to the ossicles and reach the extravascular regions, where they are retained in contact with different human BM stromal cell types. Discussion: Our model represents a powerful tool to study BM function and the interplay essential for parasite transmission in P. falciparum malaria and can be extended to study other infections in which the human BM plays a role.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
bone marrow; bone marrow adipocytes; ectopic ossicles; gametocytes; malaria; organoids; Plasmodium falciparum; skeletal stem cells;
English
2023
13
1161669
none
Donsante, S., Siciliano, G., Ciardo, M., Palmisano, B., Messina, V., de Turris, V., et al. (2023). An in vivo humanized model to study homing and sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum transmission stages in the bone marrow. FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY, 13 [10.3389/fcimb.2023.1161669].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/459449
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