The clinical manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD) appears when neurodegeneration is already advanced, compromising the efficacy of disease-modifying treatment approaches. Biomarkers to identify the early stages of PD are therefore of paramount importance for the advancement of the therapy of PD. In the present study, by using a mouse model of PD obtained by subchronic treatment with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and the clearance inhibitor probenecid (MPTPp), we identified prodromal markers of PD by combining in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and ex vivo immunohistochemistry. Longitudinal PET imaging of the dopamine transporter (DAT) by [18F]-N-(3-fluoropropyl)-2β-carboxymethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane ([18F]-FP-CIT), and brain glucose metabolism by 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoroglucose ([18F]-FDG) were performed before MPTPp treatment and after 1, 3, and 10 MPTPp administrations, in order to assess relation between dopamine neuron integrity and brain connectivity. The results show that in vivo [18F]-FP-CIT in the dorsal striatum was not modified after the first administration of MPTPp, tended to decrease after 3 administrations, and significantly decreased after 10 MPTPp administrations. Post-mortem immunohistochemical analyses of DAT and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the striatum showed a positive correlation with [18F]-FP-CIT, confirming the validity of repeated MPTPp-treated mice as a model that can reproduce the progressive pathological changes in the early phases of PD. Analysis of [18F]-FDG uptake in several brain areas connected to the striatum showed that metabolic connectivity was progressively disrupted, starting from the first MPTPp administration, and that significant connections between cortical and subcortical regions were lost after 10 MPTPp administrations, suggesting an association between dopamine neuron degeneration and connectivity disruption in this PD model. The results of this study provide a relevant model, where new drugs that can alleviate neurodegeneration in PD could be evaluated preclinically.

Tassan Mazzocco, M., Serra, M., Maspero, M., Coliva, A., Presotto, L., Casu, M., et al. (2024). Positive relation between dopamine neuron degeneration and metabolic connectivity disruption in the MPTP plus probenecid mouse model of Parkinson's disease. EXPERIMENTAL NEUROLOGY [10.1016/j.expneurol.2024.114704].

Positive relation between dopamine neuron degeneration and metabolic connectivity disruption in the MPTP plus probenecid mouse model of Parkinson's disease

Tassan Mazzocco, Margherita
Co-primo
;
Presotto, Luca;Moresco, Rosa Maria
;
2024

Abstract

The clinical manifestation of Parkinson's disease (PD) appears when neurodegeneration is already advanced, compromising the efficacy of disease-modifying treatment approaches. Biomarkers to identify the early stages of PD are therefore of paramount importance for the advancement of the therapy of PD. In the present study, by using a mouse model of PD obtained by subchronic treatment with the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and the clearance inhibitor probenecid (MPTPp), we identified prodromal markers of PD by combining in vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and ex vivo immunohistochemistry. Longitudinal PET imaging of the dopamine transporter (DAT) by [18F]-N-(3-fluoropropyl)-2β-carboxymethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane ([18F]-FP-CIT), and brain glucose metabolism by 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoroglucose ([18F]-FDG) were performed before MPTPp treatment and after 1, 3, and 10 MPTPp administrations, in order to assess relation between dopamine neuron integrity and brain connectivity. The results show that in vivo [18F]-FP-CIT in the dorsal striatum was not modified after the first administration of MPTPp, tended to decrease after 3 administrations, and significantly decreased after 10 MPTPp administrations. Post-mortem immunohistochemical analyses of DAT and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the striatum showed a positive correlation with [18F]-FP-CIT, confirming the validity of repeated MPTPp-treated mice as a model that can reproduce the progressive pathological changes in the early phases of PD. Analysis of [18F]-FDG uptake in several brain areas connected to the striatum showed that metabolic connectivity was progressively disrupted, starting from the first MPTPp administration, and that significant connections between cortical and subcortical regions were lost after 10 MPTPp administrations, suggesting an association between dopamine neuron degeneration and connectivity disruption in this PD model. The results of this study provide a relevant model, where new drugs that can alleviate neurodegeneration in PD could be evaluated preclinically.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Biomarker; Connectome; Dopamine transporter; Emission tomography; FDG; Striatum; Subchronic MPTP; Substantia nigra; Tyrosine hydroxylase
English
26-gen-2024
2024
114704
none
Tassan Mazzocco, M., Serra, M., Maspero, M., Coliva, A., Presotto, L., Casu, M., et al. (2024). Positive relation between dopamine neuron degeneration and metabolic connectivity disruption in the MPTP plus probenecid mouse model of Parkinson's disease. EXPERIMENTAL NEUROLOGY [10.1016/j.expneurol.2024.114704].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/458120
Citazioni
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
Social impact