The recent Mpox virus (MPV) outbreak in Europe and North America, primarily among men who have sex with men (MSM), raised concerns about various transmission sources. We examined patients with Mpox from an urban STI center in Lombardy, Italy, between May and August 2022. Demographic, transmission, and clinical data were collected using a standardized form. Initial and subsequent tests were conducted using the RealStar Orthopoxvirus PCR Kit 1.0 (Altona Diagnostics, Hamburg, Germany) for skin lesions and oropharyngeal swabs. A total of 15 patients were recruited, all MSM, with 40% being HIV-positive. Almost all reported recent unprotected sexual activity. Oropharyngeal symptoms were observed in a minority, and oral cavity lesions were present in 20% of cases. MPV DNA was detected in skin lesions of 93% of patients and in oropharyngeal swabs of 87%. Skin samples exhibited a higher viral load than pharyngeal samples, with the latter persisting longer. Prospective follow-up of 11 individuals revealed an average pharyngeal persistence of 5.3 days beyond skin lesion clearance, reaching up to 80 days in an immunosuppressed case. Our findings indicate that MPV replication can persist in the pharynx asymptomatically and for an extended period.

Limonta, S., Lapadula, G., Mezzadri, L., Corsico, L., Rovida, F., Ranzani, A., et al. (2024). Mpox Virus in the Pharynx of Men Having Sex with Men: A Case Series. PATHOGENS, 13(1) [10.3390/pathogens13010092].

Mpox Virus in the Pharynx of Men Having Sex with Men: A Case Series

Lapadula, Giuseppe
;
Mezzadri, Luca;Bonfanti, Paolo
2024

Abstract

The recent Mpox virus (MPV) outbreak in Europe and North America, primarily among men who have sex with men (MSM), raised concerns about various transmission sources. We examined patients with Mpox from an urban STI center in Lombardy, Italy, between May and August 2022. Demographic, transmission, and clinical data were collected using a standardized form. Initial and subsequent tests were conducted using the RealStar Orthopoxvirus PCR Kit 1.0 (Altona Diagnostics, Hamburg, Germany) for skin lesions and oropharyngeal swabs. A total of 15 patients were recruited, all MSM, with 40% being HIV-positive. Almost all reported recent unprotected sexual activity. Oropharyngeal symptoms were observed in a minority, and oral cavity lesions were present in 20% of cases. MPV DNA was detected in skin lesions of 93% of patients and in oropharyngeal swabs of 87%. Skin samples exhibited a higher viral load than pharyngeal samples, with the latter persisting longer. Prospective follow-up of 11 individuals revealed an average pharyngeal persistence of 5.3 days beyond skin lesion clearance, reaching up to 80 days in an immunosuppressed case. Our findings indicate that MPV replication can persist in the pharynx asymptomatically and for an extended period.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Mpox; MsM; viral shedding; monkeypox
English
20-gen-2024
2024
13
1
92
open
Limonta, S., Lapadula, G., Mezzadri, L., Corsico, L., Rovida, F., Ranzani, A., et al. (2024). Mpox Virus in the Pharynx of Men Having Sex with Men: A Case Series. PATHOGENS, 13(1) [10.3390/pathogens13010092].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/457698
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