Dissolution of clinopyroxene (cpx) in a K-basaltic melt from the Campi Flegrei Volcanic District (Italy) has been investigated through dissolution and dissolution-crystallization experiments at pressure of 0.8 GPa, superliquidus temperature of 1350 °C, and dwell times between 0.5 and 1 h. The obtained dissolution rates range from 7.9·10−6 cm s−1 to 6.1·10−6 cm s−1 as a function of dwell time. In the dissolution-crystallization experiment (1300 °C; 0.8 GPa; 2 h), the formation of overgrowth rims accompanied by new cpx crystals suggests that the injection of recharge magmas in basaltic reservoir may lead to inverse or oscillatory zonation. The interaction between cpx and K-basaltic melt at ~1570 °C was studied by in situ radiography using synchrotron radiation combined with the Paris-Edinburgh press. This resulted in cpx resorption to occur depending on the temperature conditions with respect to the liquidus temperature of the cpx (TcpxL). The calculated cpx dissolution rates are ~5·10−3 cm s−1 at T ≤ TcpxL and ~ 3·10−2 cm s−1 at T ≥ TcpxL. The role of crystal dissolution in the estimation of magma residence times has been also tested for a natural magmatic system by interpolating the dissolution rates (~10−5–10−6 cm s−1) with the textural data of cpx phenocrysts from the Agnano-Monte Spina pyroclastic deposit at Campi Flegrei caldera (Campanian region, Italy). Results from calculations indicate that the time required for partial or complete resorption of phenocrysts varies from ~0.5 to ~40 h, and that the effect of crystal dissolution may be relevant to estimate magma residence times whether significant dissolution occurs during magma mixing processes.

Bonechi, B., Perinelli, C., Gaeta, M., Stagno, V., Fabbrizio, A., Mollo, S., et al. (2021). High pressure experimental investigation of clinopyroxene dissolution in a K-basaltic melt. CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, 584, 1-16 [10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120533].

High pressure experimental investigation of clinopyroxene dissolution in a K-basaltic melt

Fabbrizio, A;
2021

Abstract

Dissolution of clinopyroxene (cpx) in a K-basaltic melt from the Campi Flegrei Volcanic District (Italy) has been investigated through dissolution and dissolution-crystallization experiments at pressure of 0.8 GPa, superliquidus temperature of 1350 °C, and dwell times between 0.5 and 1 h. The obtained dissolution rates range from 7.9·10−6 cm s−1 to 6.1·10−6 cm s−1 as a function of dwell time. In the dissolution-crystallization experiment (1300 °C; 0.8 GPa; 2 h), the formation of overgrowth rims accompanied by new cpx crystals suggests that the injection of recharge magmas in basaltic reservoir may lead to inverse or oscillatory zonation. The interaction between cpx and K-basaltic melt at ~1570 °C was studied by in situ radiography using synchrotron radiation combined with the Paris-Edinburgh press. This resulted in cpx resorption to occur depending on the temperature conditions with respect to the liquidus temperature of the cpx (TcpxL). The calculated cpx dissolution rates are ~5·10−3 cm s−1 at T ≤ TcpxL and ~ 3·10−2 cm s−1 at T ≥ TcpxL. The role of crystal dissolution in the estimation of magma residence times has been also tested for a natural magmatic system by interpolating the dissolution rates (~10−5–10−6 cm s−1) with the textural data of cpx phenocrysts from the Agnano-Monte Spina pyroclastic deposit at Campi Flegrei caldera (Campanian region, Italy). Results from calculations indicate that the time required for partial or complete resorption of phenocrysts varies from ~0.5 to ~40 h, and that the effect of crystal dissolution may be relevant to estimate magma residence times whether significant dissolution occurs during magma mixing processes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Campi Flegrei; Clinopyroxene; Dissolution rate; Dissolution-crystallization process; High pressure; In situ synchrotron;
English
2021
584
1
16
120533
reserved
Bonechi, B., Perinelli, C., Gaeta, M., Stagno, V., Fabbrizio, A., Mollo, S., et al. (2021). High pressure experimental investigation of clinopyroxene dissolution in a K-basaltic melt. CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, 584, 1-16 [10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120533].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bonechi-2021-Chem Geol-VoR.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia di allegato: Publisher’s Version (Version of Record, VoR)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati
Dimensione 763.56 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
763.56 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/457146
Citazioni
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
Social impact