We present behavioral and anatomical evidence for a multi-component reading system in which different components are differentially weighted depending on culture-specific demands of orthography Italian orthography is consistent, enabling reliable conversion of graphemes to phonemes to yield correct pronunciation of the word. English orthography is inconsistent, complicating mapping of letters to word sounds. In behavioral studies, Italian students showed faster word and non-word reading than English students. In two PET studies, Italians showed greater activation in left superior temporal regions associated with phoneme processing. In contrast, English readers showed greater activations, particularly for non-words, in left posterior inferior temporal gyrus and anterior inferior frontal gyrus, areas associated with word retrieval during both reading and naming tasks

Paulesu, E., Mccrory, E., Fazio, F., Menoncello, L., Brunswick, N., Cappa, S., et al. (2000). A cultural effect on brain function. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE, 3(1), 91-96 [10.1038/71163].

A cultural effect on brain function

PAULESU, ERALDO;
2000

Abstract

We present behavioral and anatomical evidence for a multi-component reading system in which different components are differentially weighted depending on culture-specific demands of orthography Italian orthography is consistent, enabling reliable conversion of graphemes to phonemes to yield correct pronunciation of the word. English orthography is inconsistent, complicating mapping of letters to word sounds. In behavioral studies, Italian students showed faster word and non-word reading than English students. In two PET studies, Italians showed greater activation in left superior temporal regions associated with phoneme processing. In contrast, English readers showed greater activations, particularly for non-words, in left posterior inferior temporal gyrus and anterior inferior frontal gyrus, areas associated with word retrieval during both reading and naming tasks
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Reading; Different orthographies; PET
English
2000
3
1
91
96
none
Paulesu, E., Mccrory, E., Fazio, F., Menoncello, L., Brunswick, N., Cappa, S., et al. (2000). A cultural effect on brain function. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE, 3(1), 91-96 [10.1038/71163].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/45568
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