New structural, sedimentological, petrological and palaeomagnetic data collected in the region of Nakhlak–Anarak provide important constraints on the Cimmerian evolution of Central Iran. The Olenekian–Upper Ladinian succession of Nakhlak was deposited in a forearc setting, and records the exhumation and erosion of an orogenic wedge, possibly located in the present-day Anarak region. The Triassic succession was deformed after Ladinian times and shows south-vergent folds and thrusts unconformably covered by Upper Cretaceous limestones following the Late Jurassic Neo-Cimmerian deformation. Palaeomagnetic data obtained in the Olenekian succession suggest a palaeoposition of the region close to Eurasia at a latitude around 208N. In addition, the palaeopoles do not support large anticlockwise rotations around vertical axes for central Iran with respect to Eurasia since the Middle Triassic, as previously suggested. The Anarak Metamorphic Complex (AMC) includes blueschist-facies metabasites associated with discontinuous slivers of serpentinized ultramafic rocks and Carboniferous greenschistfacies ‘Variscan’ metamorphic rocks, including widespread metacarbonates. The AMC was formed, at least partially, in the Triassic. Its erosion is recorded by the Middle Triassic Baqoroq Formation at Nakhlak, which consists of conglomerates and sandstones rich in metamorphic detritus. The AMC was repeatedly deformed during post-Triassic times, giving origin to a complex structural setting characterized by strong tectonic fragmentation of previously formed tectonic units. Based on these data, we suggest that the Nakhlak–Anarak units represent an arc–trench system developed during the Eo-Cimmerian orogenic cycle. Different tectonic scenarios that can account for the evolution of the region and for the occurrence of this orogenic wedge in its present position within Central Iran are critically discussed, as well as its relationships with a presumed ‘Variscan metamorphic event.

Zanchi, A., Zanchetta, S., Garzanti, E., Balini, M., Berra, F., Mattei, M., et al. (2009). The Cimmerian evolution of the Nakhlak–Anarak area, central Iran, and its bearing for the reconstruction of the history of the Eurasian margin.. In M.F. Brunet, M. Wilmsen, & J.W. Granath (a cura di), South Caspian to Central Iran Basins (pp. 261-286). The Geological Society of London [10.1144/SP312.13].

The Cimmerian evolution of the Nakhlak–Anarak area, central Iran, and its bearing for the reconstruction of the history of the Eurasian margin.

ZANCHI, ANDREA MARCO;ZANCHETTA, STEFANO;GARZANTI, EDUARDO;
2009

Abstract

New structural, sedimentological, petrological and palaeomagnetic data collected in the region of Nakhlak–Anarak provide important constraints on the Cimmerian evolution of Central Iran. The Olenekian–Upper Ladinian succession of Nakhlak was deposited in a forearc setting, and records the exhumation and erosion of an orogenic wedge, possibly located in the present-day Anarak region. The Triassic succession was deformed after Ladinian times and shows south-vergent folds and thrusts unconformably covered by Upper Cretaceous limestones following the Late Jurassic Neo-Cimmerian deformation. Palaeomagnetic data obtained in the Olenekian succession suggest a palaeoposition of the region close to Eurasia at a latitude around 208N. In addition, the palaeopoles do not support large anticlockwise rotations around vertical axes for central Iran with respect to Eurasia since the Middle Triassic, as previously suggested. The Anarak Metamorphic Complex (AMC) includes blueschist-facies metabasites associated with discontinuous slivers of serpentinized ultramafic rocks and Carboniferous greenschistfacies ‘Variscan’ metamorphic rocks, including widespread metacarbonates. The AMC was formed, at least partially, in the Triassic. Its erosion is recorded by the Middle Triassic Baqoroq Formation at Nakhlak, which consists of conglomerates and sandstones rich in metamorphic detritus. The AMC was repeatedly deformed during post-Triassic times, giving origin to a complex structural setting characterized by strong tectonic fragmentation of previously formed tectonic units. Based on these data, we suggest that the Nakhlak–Anarak units represent an arc–trench system developed during the Eo-Cimmerian orogenic cycle. Different tectonic scenarios that can account for the evolution of the region and for the occurrence of this orogenic wedge in its present position within Central Iran are critically discussed, as well as its relationships with a presumed ‘Variscan metamorphic event.
No
Scientifica
Capitolo o saggio
Iran, Cimmerian orogeny, Central Iran, accretionary wedge, Anarak
English
South Caspian to Central Iran Basins
978-1-86239-271-7
Zanchi, A., Zanchetta, S., Garzanti, E., Balini, M., Berra, F., Mattei, M., et al. (2009). The Cimmerian evolution of the Nakhlak–Anarak area, central Iran, and its bearing for the reconstruction of the history of the Eurasian margin.. In M.F. Brunet, M. Wilmsen, & J.W. Granath (a cura di), South Caspian to Central Iran Basins (pp. 261-286). The Geological Society of London [10.1144/SP312.13].
Zanchi, A; Zanchetta, S; Garzanti, E; Balini, M; Berra, F; Mattei, M; Muttoni, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/45513
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