We use numerical hydrodynamical simulations of early structure formation in a ACDM universe to investigate the spin temperature and 21 cm brightness of the diffuse intergalactic medium (IGM) prior to the epoch of cosmic reionization, at z ≲ 20. In the absence of any radiative heating, collisions between neutral hydrogen atoms can efficiently decouple the spin temperature from the CMB only in dense minihalos and filaments. Shock-heated gas shines in emission, surrounded by cooler gas visible in absorption. In the case of a warm, mostly neutral IGM, produced here by X-ray emission from an early miniquasar, the 21 cm signal is strongly enhanced. Even slightly overdense filaments now shine in emission against the CMB, possibly allowing future radio arrays to probe the distribution of neutral hydrogen before reionization.

Kuhlen, M., Madau, P., Montgomery, R. (2006). The spin temperature and 21 cm brightness of the intergalactic medium in the pre-reionization era. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 637(1 II), 1-4 [10.1086/500548].

The spin temperature and 21 cm brightness of the intergalactic medium in the pre-reionization era

Madau, P;
2006

Abstract

We use numerical hydrodynamical simulations of early structure formation in a ACDM universe to investigate the spin temperature and 21 cm brightness of the diffuse intergalactic medium (IGM) prior to the epoch of cosmic reionization, at z ≲ 20. In the absence of any radiative heating, collisions between neutral hydrogen atoms can efficiently decouple the spin temperature from the CMB only in dense minihalos and filaments. Shock-heated gas shines in emission, surrounded by cooler gas visible in absorption. In the case of a warm, mostly neutral IGM, produced here by X-ray emission from an early miniquasar, the 21 cm signal is strongly enhanced. Even slightly overdense filaments now shine in emission against the CMB, possibly allowing future radio arrays to probe the distribution of neutral hydrogen before reionization.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cosmology: theory; Diffuse radiation; Galaxies: evolution; Intergalactic medium;
English
2006
637
1 II
1
4
none
Kuhlen, M., Madau, P., Montgomery, R. (2006). The spin temperature and 21 cm brightness of the intergalactic medium in the pre-reionization era. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 637(1 II), 1-4 [10.1086/500548].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/453261
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