The existence of alkali metal anions in interstitial cavities of crystalline silica and microporous materials (e.g., zeolites) has been suggested based on NMR and EPR measurements but has never been studied theoretically. In this work we report results of density functional theory calculations on the interaction of a Li- anion with cluster models of alpha quartz containing up to approximate to100 Si and O atoms. We also consider the interaction of Li- with orthosilicic acid, Si(OH)(4). The properties of Li- incorporated in a silica structure have been compared with those of the hydride anion, H-. We found that, in agreement with previous theoretical studies, H- forms stable structures where a Si atom becomes penta-coordinated with a bipyramidal trigonal structure. Li- behaves completely differently. Because of its larger size, Li- does not come close enough to the tetra-coordinated Si atom to induce the structural distortion observed for H-. On the contrary, the Li atom becomes incorporated into the silica structure, with formation of a =Si-Odelta--Lidelta+ linkage. The negative charge is transferred to the host silica structure where becomes trapped at pre-existing defects or induces additional structural changes in the network.

Brazzelli, S., Di Valentin, C., & Pacchioni, G. (2004). Comparative ab initio study of the structure and stability of H- and Li-anions in silica networks. PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS, 69(2), 1-7 [10.1103/PhysRevB.69.024101].

Comparative ab initio study of the structure and stability of H- and Li-anions in silica networks

Di Valentin, C;Pacchioni, G.
2004

Abstract

The existence of alkali metal anions in interstitial cavities of crystalline silica and microporous materials (e.g., zeolites) has been suggested based on NMR and EPR measurements but has never been studied theoretically. In this work we report results of density functional theory calculations on the interaction of a Li- anion with cluster models of alpha quartz containing up to approximate to100 Si and O atoms. We also consider the interaction of Li- with orthosilicic acid, Si(OH)(4). The properties of Li- incorporated in a silica structure have been compared with those of the hydride anion, H-. We found that, in agreement with previous theoretical studies, H- forms stable structures where a Si atom becomes penta-coordinated with a bipyramidal trigonal structure. Li- behaves completely differently. Because of its larger size, Li- does not come close enough to the tetra-coordinated Si atom to induce the structural distortion observed for H-. On the contrary, the Li atom becomes incorporated into the silica structure, with formation of a =Si-Odelta--Lidelta+ linkage. The negative charge is transferred to the host silica structure where becomes trapped at pre-existing defects or induces additional structural changes in the network.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
oxides, DFT
English
Brazzelli, S., Di Valentin, C., & Pacchioni, G. (2004). Comparative ab initio study of the structure and stability of H- and Li-anions in silica networks. PHYSICAL REVIEW. B, CONDENSED MATTER AND MATERIALS PHYSICS, 69(2), 1-7 [10.1103/PhysRevB.69.024101].
Brazzelli, S; Di Valentin, C; Pacchioni, G
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/45260
Citazioni
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
Social impact