Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy, deriving from the neoplastic transformation of hepatocytes, most often forced to long-lasting regeneration by the cirrhotic background. HCC is an extremely aggressive tumor with still limited effective treatments, and is characterized by the presence of a very complex and multifaceted tumor microenvironment (TME). Among the variety of cell types populating the TME of HCC, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the most prevalent. CAFs are a specific population of fibroblasts in a persistent state of activation, with a high level of heterogeneity, partly dependent on a wide range of cell origin, which are endowed with a repertoire of functions, profoundly modulating the biology of the tumor. Given the close relationship of HCC with cirrhosis, CAFs are paradigmatic of the role played by activated fibroblasts in promoting the evolution of a chronic, non-resolving, fibro-inflammatory condition towards a neoplastic disease and its aggressive phenotype. In this review, we will discuss the most recent findings regarding the interplay of CAFs with the tumoral epithelial compartment, with the multiple cell elements of the TME (macrophages, neutrophils, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, vascular cells), and with the extracellular matrix. Finally, we will address the translational value of CAF manipulation in HCC to unveil possible ameliorations for the treatment of a still worrisome disease.

Cadamuro, M., Nuozzi, G., Simioni, P., Fabris, L. (2023). The tumor microenvironment in hepatocarcinoma: dissecting the functions of cancer-associated fibroblasts. HEPATOMA RESEARCH, 9 [10.20517/2394-5079.2023.94].

The tumor microenvironment in hepatocarcinoma: dissecting the functions of cancer-associated fibroblasts

Cadamuro, M;
2023

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy, deriving from the neoplastic transformation of hepatocytes, most often forced to long-lasting regeneration by the cirrhotic background. HCC is an extremely aggressive tumor with still limited effective treatments, and is characterized by the presence of a very complex and multifaceted tumor microenvironment (TME). Among the variety of cell types populating the TME of HCC, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the most prevalent. CAFs are a specific population of fibroblasts in a persistent state of activation, with a high level of heterogeneity, partly dependent on a wide range of cell origin, which are endowed with a repertoire of functions, profoundly modulating the biology of the tumor. Given the close relationship of HCC with cirrhosis, CAFs are paradigmatic of the role played by activated fibroblasts in promoting the evolution of a chronic, non-resolving, fibro-inflammatory condition towards a neoplastic disease and its aggressive phenotype. In this review, we will discuss the most recent findings regarding the interplay of CAFs with the tumoral epithelial compartment, with the multiple cell elements of the TME (macrophages, neutrophils, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, vascular cells), and with the extracellular matrix. Finally, we will address the translational value of CAF manipulation in HCC to unveil possible ameliorations for the treatment of a still worrisome disease.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
CAF heterogeneity; Cancer-associated fibroblasts; extracellular matrix remodeling; tumor immune microenvironment; tumor-associated macrophages;
English
6-nov-2023
2023
9
46
open
Cadamuro, M., Nuozzi, G., Simioni, P., Fabris, L. (2023). The tumor microenvironment in hepatocarcinoma: dissecting the functions of cancer-associated fibroblasts. HEPATOMA RESEARCH, 9 [10.20517/2394-5079.2023.94].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/452124
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