Background: Aphasia is a serious consequence of stroke but aphasics patients have been routinely excluded from participation in some areas of stroke research. Objective: To assess the role of specific linguistic and non-verbal cognitive abilities on the short-term motor recovery of patients with aphasia due to first-ever stroke to the left hemisphere after an intensive rehabilitation treatment. Methods: 48 post-acute aphasic patients, who underwent physiotherapy and speech language therapy, were enrolled for this retrospective cohort-study. Four types of possible predictive factors were taken into account: clinical variables, functional status, language and non-verbal cognitive abilities. The motor FIM at discharge was used as the main dependent variable. Results: Patients were classified as follows: 6 amnestic, 9 Broca’s, 7 Wernicke’s, and 26 global aphasics. Motor FIM at admission (p = 0.003) and at discharge (p = 0.042), all linguistic subtests of Aachener AphasieTest (p = 0.001), and non-verbal reasoning abilities (Raven’s CPM, p = 0.006) resulted significantly different across different types of aphasia. Post-hoc analyses showed differences only between global aphasia and the other groups. A Multiple Linear Regression shows that admission motor FIM (p = 0.001) and Token test (p = 0.040), adjusted for clinical, language, and non-verbal reasoning variables, resulted as independent predictors of motor FIM scores at discharge, while Raven’s CPM resulted close to statistical significance. Conclusions: Motor function at admission resulted as the variable that most affects the motor recovery of post-stroke patients with aphasia after rehabilitation. A linguistic test requiring also non-linguistic abilities, including attention and working memory (i.e. Token test) is an independent predictor as well.

Ginex, V., Veronelli, L., Vanacore, N., Lacorte, E., Monti, A., Corbo, M. (2017). Motor recovery in post-stroke patients with aphasia: The role of specific linguistic abilities. TOPICS IN STROKE REHABILITATION, 24(6), 428-434 [10.1080/10749357.2017.1305654].

Motor recovery in post-stroke patients with aphasia: The role of specific linguistic abilities

Veronelli L.;
2017

Abstract

Background: Aphasia is a serious consequence of stroke but aphasics patients have been routinely excluded from participation in some areas of stroke research. Objective: To assess the role of specific linguistic and non-verbal cognitive abilities on the short-term motor recovery of patients with aphasia due to first-ever stroke to the left hemisphere after an intensive rehabilitation treatment. Methods: 48 post-acute aphasic patients, who underwent physiotherapy and speech language therapy, were enrolled for this retrospective cohort-study. Four types of possible predictive factors were taken into account: clinical variables, functional status, language and non-verbal cognitive abilities. The motor FIM at discharge was used as the main dependent variable. Results: Patients were classified as follows: 6 amnestic, 9 Broca’s, 7 Wernicke’s, and 26 global aphasics. Motor FIM at admission (p = 0.003) and at discharge (p = 0.042), all linguistic subtests of Aachener AphasieTest (p = 0.001), and non-verbal reasoning abilities (Raven’s CPM, p = 0.006) resulted significantly different across different types of aphasia. Post-hoc analyses showed differences only between global aphasia and the other groups. A Multiple Linear Regression shows that admission motor FIM (p = 0.001) and Token test (p = 0.040), adjusted for clinical, language, and non-verbal reasoning variables, resulted as independent predictors of motor FIM scores at discharge, while Raven’s CPM resulted close to statistical significance. Conclusions: Motor function at admission resulted as the variable that most affects the motor recovery of post-stroke patients with aphasia after rehabilitation. A linguistic test requiring also non-linguistic abilities, including attention and working memory (i.e. Token test) is an independent predictor as well.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Aphasia; Cognitive deficits; Predictors of recovery; Stroke;
English
2017
24
6
428
434
reserved
Ginex, V., Veronelli, L., Vanacore, N., Lacorte, E., Monti, A., Corbo, M. (2017). Motor recovery in post-stroke patients with aphasia: The role of specific linguistic abilities. TOPICS IN STROKE REHABILITATION, 24(6), 428-434 [10.1080/10749357.2017.1305654].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/450618
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