Taxol, a natural extract with antineoplastic properties, is known to be neurotoxic in humans. Its neurotoxicity after systemic administration, however, has never been studied in detail at the morphological level in humans and in animals. In this study we administered taxol intraperitoneally to female Wistar rats and we performed an extended neurophysiological and morphological examination of the peripheral nerves, dorsal root ganglia, spinal rootlets, and spinal cord. The results obtained in this experimental model indicate that taxol induces pathological changes mainly in the peripheral nerves, but they are present also in the ventral and dorsal spinal rootlets and spinal dorsal column fibers. The dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord neurons were, on the contrary, unaffected. The most impressive change induced by systemic taxol administration was intraaxonal neurotubule accumulation. Schwann cells showed signs of "activation" but clear demyelination was not observed. We conclude that with the use of this model it is possible to induce a peripheral neuropathy in the Wistar rat which resembles that reported in humans and which can, therefore, be used to better understand the basic mechanism(s) of taxol toxicity and to evaluate protective strategies in an attempt to reduce it

Cavaletti, G., Tredici, G., Braga, M., Tazzari, S. (1995). Experimental peripheral neuropathy induced in adult rats by repeated intraperitoneal administration of taxol. EXPERIMENTAL NEUROLOGY, 133(1), 64-72 [10.1006/exnr.1995.1008].

Experimental peripheral neuropathy induced in adult rats by repeated intraperitoneal administration of taxol

CAVALETTI, GUIDO ANGELO;TREDICI, GIOVANNI;
1995

Abstract

Taxol, a natural extract with antineoplastic properties, is known to be neurotoxic in humans. Its neurotoxicity after systemic administration, however, has never been studied in detail at the morphological level in humans and in animals. In this study we administered taxol intraperitoneally to female Wistar rats and we performed an extended neurophysiological and morphological examination of the peripheral nerves, dorsal root ganglia, spinal rootlets, and spinal cord. The results obtained in this experimental model indicate that taxol induces pathological changes mainly in the peripheral nerves, but they are present also in the ventral and dorsal spinal rootlets and spinal dorsal column fibers. The dorsal root ganglia and spinal cord neurons were, on the contrary, unaffected. The most impressive change induced by systemic taxol administration was intraaxonal neurotubule accumulation. Schwann cells showed signs of "activation" but clear demyelination was not observed. We conclude that with the use of this model it is possible to induce a peripheral neuropathy in the Wistar rat which resembles that reported in humans and which can, therefore, be used to better understand the basic mechanism(s) of taxol toxicity and to evaluate protective strategies in an attempt to reduce it
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Injections, Intraperitoneal; Animals; Reference Values; Ganglia, Spinal; Schwann Cells; Rats; Peroneal Nerve; Paclitaxel; Peripheral Nervous System Diseases; Neural Conduction; Rats, Wistar; Microscopy, Electron; Tail; Neurotoxins; Sciatic Nerve; Female
English
mag-1995
133
1
64
72
none
Cavaletti, G., Tredici, G., Braga, M., Tazzari, S. (1995). Experimental peripheral neuropathy induced in adult rats by repeated intraperitoneal administration of taxol. EXPERIMENTAL NEUROLOGY, 133(1), 64-72 [10.1006/exnr.1995.1008].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/44782
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