Various kinds of stress such as heat, UV, gamma-rays and chemicals that cause DNA damage induce heat shock proteins (Hsps), and in particular Hsp70. The Hsps cytoprotective function is not fully understood, although these proteins act as molecular chaperones or modulators of intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recently, Hsps have been proposed to play a significant role in DNA repair after UV or gamma-ray irradiation. Ionizing radiation targets DNA molecules either via direct interaction or via production of free radicals and ROS. When exposed to gamma-rays C3H 10T1/2 cells are radiosensitive, therefore we decided to use them to investigate Hsp induction after ionizing radiation and their protective role against DNA damage. Here we demonstrate the induction of Hsps by gamma-rays, and investigate the kinetics of expression after irradiation at different doses. We also show that Hsp70 overexpression acts as a radioprotective mechanism towards the first event of DNA damage and increases long term viability. A preliminary investigation on the cell cycle does not evidence a significant protective action of inducible Hsp70 on it.
Calini, V., Urani, C., & Camatini, M. (2003). Overexpression of HSP70 is induced by ionizing radiation in C3H 10T1/2 cells and protects from DNA damage. TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO, 17, 561-566.
|Citazione:||Calini, V., Urani, C., & Camatini, M. (2003). Overexpression of HSP70 is induced by ionizing radiation in C3H 10T1/2 cells and protects from DNA damage. TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO, 17, 561-566.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Overexpression of HSP70 is induced by ionizing radiation in C3H 10T1/2 cells and protects from DNA damage|
|Autori:||Calini, V; Urani, C; Camatini, M|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Rivista:||TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0887-2333(03)00116-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|