Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to reduce chronic inflammation and risk of many cancers, but their effect on risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and death due to chronic liver disease (CLD) has not been investigated. Methods We analyzed prospective data on 300 504 men and women aged 50 to 71 years in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort and linked self-reported aspirin and non-aspirin NSAID use with registry confirmed diagnoses of HCC and death due to CLD. We calculated hazard rate ratios (RRs) and their two-sided 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using Cox proportional hazard regression models with adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes, and body mass index. All tests of statistical significance were two-sided. Results Aspirin users had statistically significant reduced risks of incidence of HCC (RR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.77) and mortality due to CLD (RR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.67) compared to those who did not use aspirin. In contrast, users of non-aspirin NSAIDs had a reduced risk of mortality due to CLD (RR = 0.74; 95% CI= 0.61 to 0.90) but did not have lower risk of incidence of HCC (RR = 1.08; 95% CI = 0.84 to 1.39) compared to those who did not use non-aspirin NSAIDs. The risk estimates did not vary in statistical significance by frequency (monthly, weekly, daily) of aspirin use, but the reduced risk of mortality due to CLD was statistically significant only among monthly users of non-aspirin NSAIDs compared to non-users. Conclusions Aspirin use was associated with reduced risk of developing HCC and of death due to CLD whereas nonaspirin NSAID use was only associated with reduced risk of death due to CLD. (HEPATOLOGY 2013)

Kim, A., Dziura, J., & Strazzabosco, M. (2013). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, chronic liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma: The egg of columbus or another illusion?. HEPATOLOGY, 58(2), 819-821 [10.1002/hep.26498].

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, chronic liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma: The egg of columbus or another illusion?

STRAZZABOSCO, MARIO
2013

Abstract

Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been shown to reduce chronic inflammation and risk of many cancers, but their effect on risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and death due to chronic liver disease (CLD) has not been investigated. Methods We analyzed prospective data on 300 504 men and women aged 50 to 71 years in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort and linked self-reported aspirin and non-aspirin NSAID use with registry confirmed diagnoses of HCC and death due to CLD. We calculated hazard rate ratios (RRs) and their two-sided 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using Cox proportional hazard regression models with adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes, and body mass index. All tests of statistical significance were two-sided. Results Aspirin users had statistically significant reduced risks of incidence of HCC (RR = 0.59; 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.77) and mortality due to CLD (RR = 0.55; 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.67) compared to those who did not use aspirin. In contrast, users of non-aspirin NSAIDs had a reduced risk of mortality due to CLD (RR = 0.74; 95% CI= 0.61 to 0.90) but did not have lower risk of incidence of HCC (RR = 1.08; 95% CI = 0.84 to 1.39) compared to those who did not use non-aspirin NSAIDs. The risk estimates did not vary in statistical significance by frequency (monthly, weekly, daily) of aspirin use, but the reduced risk of mortality due to CLD was statistically significant only among monthly users of non-aspirin NSAIDs compared to non-users. Conclusions Aspirin use was associated with reduced risk of developing HCC and of death due to CLD whereas nonaspirin NSAID use was only associated with reduced risk of death due to CLD. (HEPATOLOGY 2013)
Si
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Scientifica
chronic liver diseases, nonsteroidai anti-inflammatory drugs, hepatocellular carcinoma
English
Kim, A., Dziura, J., & Strazzabosco, M. (2013). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, chronic liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma: The egg of columbus or another illusion?. HEPATOLOGY, 58(2), 819-821 [10.1002/hep.26498].
Kim, A; Dziura, J; Strazzabosco, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/44626
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