The possibility to improve depth of interaction (DOI) resolution and coincidence time resolution (CTR) of a pixellated PET module by enabling light re-circulation inside it with a light guide is well known. Typically the light guide consists of a non-scintillating material of about 1 mm thickness. In this work, we propose to further extend the concept by replacing the passive light guide with a fast scintillating material, in order to combine the benefits of light re-circulation with a fraction of very fast events, where the DOI is precisely known.Several configurations with such an active layer are proposed and studied in this work by means of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental verification. First, the possibility of replacing the glass light guide with a layer of LYSO is investigated. This configuration allows to reach DOI resolutions beyond the possibilities of a simple glass guide, while retaining comparable performances in terms of energy and timing resolutions. Then, the performance of two fast scintillators (BaF2 and BC422) used as light guides, in combinations with crystal arrays made of both LYSO and BGO, is investigated. The fraction of shared events (i.e. those events where the 511 keV gamma ray scatters in the light guide and deposits the rest of its energy in the crystal array) in a 3 mm light guide is found to be around 1% for BC422, and 12.1% for BaF2. Therefore, the configuration using the latter material is investigated in depth, and two alternative readout schemes are proposed, to maximize the collection of light produced by BaF2. The results show that ∼ 100 ps FWHM CTR can be reached for shared events using a BaF2 light guide. Finally, the possibility to use such a detector design as a Compton camera is discussed.

Calà, R., Kratochwil, N., Gundacker, S., Polesel, A., Paganoni, M., Auffray, E., et al. (2021). A Fast Timing Layer Concept for a Compton-TOF-PET Module. In 2021 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSS/MIC) - 28th International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detectors (RTSD) (pp.1-5). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. [10.1109/NSS/MIC44867.2021.9875612].

A Fast Timing Layer Concept for a Compton-TOF-PET Module

Calà R.;Paganoni M.;Pizzichemi M.
2021

Abstract

The possibility to improve depth of interaction (DOI) resolution and coincidence time resolution (CTR) of a pixellated PET module by enabling light re-circulation inside it with a light guide is well known. Typically the light guide consists of a non-scintillating material of about 1 mm thickness. In this work, we propose to further extend the concept by replacing the passive light guide with a fast scintillating material, in order to combine the benefits of light re-circulation with a fraction of very fast events, where the DOI is precisely known.Several configurations with such an active layer are proposed and studied in this work by means of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental verification. First, the possibility of replacing the glass light guide with a layer of LYSO is investigated. This configuration allows to reach DOI resolutions beyond the possibilities of a simple glass guide, while retaining comparable performances in terms of energy and timing resolutions. Then, the performance of two fast scintillators (BaF2 and BC422) used as light guides, in combinations with crystal arrays made of both LYSO and BGO, is investigated. The fraction of shared events (i.e. those events where the 511 keV gamma ray scatters in the light guide and deposits the rest of its energy in the crystal array) in a 3 mm light guide is found to be around 1% for BC422, and 12.1% for BaF2. Therefore, the configuration using the latter material is investigated in depth, and two alternative readout schemes are proposed, to maximize the collection of light produced by BaF2. The results show that ∼ 100 ps FWHM CTR can be reached for shared events using a BaF2 light guide. Finally, the possibility to use such a detector design as a Compton camera is discussed.
paper
Crystals; Gamma rays; Glass; Intelligent systems; Medical imaging; Monte Carlo methods; Optical fibers; Scintillation; Scintillation counters; Timing circuits
English
2021 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSS/MIC) - 28th International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detectors (RTSD)
2021
2021 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSS/MIC) - 28th International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detectors (RTSD)
9781665421133
2021
1
5
none
Calà, R., Kratochwil, N., Gundacker, S., Polesel, A., Paganoni, M., Auffray, E., et al. (2021). A Fast Timing Layer Concept for a Compton-TOF-PET Module. In 2021 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSS/MIC) - 28th International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detectors (RTSD) (pp.1-5). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. [10.1109/NSS/MIC44867.2021.9875612].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/445820
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