Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer, with a 5-year survival rate of 30%, when the disease has spread throughout the peritoneal cavity. We investigated the efficacy to delay disease progression by the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) inhibitor AZD7648, administered in combination with two of the therapeutic options for patient management: either pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or the PARP inhibitor olaparib. Patient-derived ovarian cancer xenografts (OC-PDX) were transplanted subcutaneously to evaluate the effect of treatment on tumor growth, or orthotopically in the peritoneal cavity to evaluate the effect on metastatic spread. AZD7648 was administered orally in combination with PLD (dosed intravenously) or with olaparib (orally). To prove the inhibition of DNA-PK in the tumors, we measured pDNA-PKcs, pRPA32, and g H2AX, biomarkers of DNA-PK activity. AZD7648 enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of PLD in all the OC-PDXs tested, regardless of their BRCA status or sensitivity to cisplatin or PLD. The treatment caused disease stabilization, which persisted despite therapy discontinuation for tumors growing subcutaneously, and significantly impaired the abdominal metastatic dissemination, prolonging the lifespan of mice implanted orthotopically. AZD7648 potentiated the efficacy of olaparib in BRCA-deficient OC-PDXs but did not sensitize BRCA-proficient OC-PDXs to olaparib, despite an equivalent inhibition of DNA-PK, suggesting the need of a preexisting olaparib activity to benefit from the addition of AZD7648. This work suggests that AZD7648, an inhibitor of DNA-PK, dosed in combination with PLD or olaparib is an exciting therapeutic option that could benefit patients with ovarian cancer and should be explored in clinical trials.

Anastasia, A., Dellavedova, G., Ramos-Montoya, A., James, N., Chiorino, G., Russo, M., et al. (2022). The DNA-PK Inhibitor AZD7648 Sensitizes Patient-Derived Ovarian Cancer Xenografts to Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin and Olaparib Preventing Abdominal Metastases. MOLECULAR CANCER THERAPEUTICS, 21(4), 555-567 [10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-21-0420].

The DNA-PK Inhibitor AZD7648 Sensitizes Patient-Derived Ovarian Cancer Xenografts to Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin and Olaparib Preventing Abdominal Metastases

Giulia Dellavedova;
2022

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynecologic cancer, with a 5-year survival rate of 30%, when the disease has spread throughout the peritoneal cavity. We investigated the efficacy to delay disease progression by the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) inhibitor AZD7648, administered in combination with two of the therapeutic options for patient management: either pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or the PARP inhibitor olaparib. Patient-derived ovarian cancer xenografts (OC-PDX) were transplanted subcutaneously to evaluate the effect of treatment on tumor growth, or orthotopically in the peritoneal cavity to evaluate the effect on metastatic spread. AZD7648 was administered orally in combination with PLD (dosed intravenously) or with olaparib (orally). To prove the inhibition of DNA-PK in the tumors, we measured pDNA-PKcs, pRPA32, and g H2AX, biomarkers of DNA-PK activity. AZD7648 enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of PLD in all the OC-PDXs tested, regardless of their BRCA status or sensitivity to cisplatin or PLD. The treatment caused disease stabilization, which persisted despite therapy discontinuation for tumors growing subcutaneously, and significantly impaired the abdominal metastatic dissemination, prolonging the lifespan of mice implanted orthotopically. AZD7648 potentiated the efficacy of olaparib in BRCA-deficient OC-PDXs but did not sensitize BRCA-proficient OC-PDXs to olaparib, despite an equivalent inhibition of DNA-PK, suggesting the need of a preexisting olaparib activity to benefit from the addition of AZD7648. This work suggests that AZD7648, an inhibitor of DNA-PK, dosed in combination with PLD or olaparib is an exciting therapeutic option that could benefit patients with ovarian cancer and should be explored in clinical trials.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
antimetastatic agent; azd 7648; BRCA1 protein; BRCA2 protein; cisplatin; DNA dependent protein kinase; doxorubicin; doxoves; histone H2AX; hydroxypropylmethylcellulose; nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide adenosine diphosphate ribosyltransferase; olaparib; protein p53; protein serine threonine kinase inhibitor; rpa32 protein; unclassified drug
English
1-apr-2022
2022
21
4
555
567
none
Anastasia, A., Dellavedova, G., Ramos-Montoya, A., James, N., Chiorino, G., Russo, M., et al. (2022). The DNA-PK Inhibitor AZD7648 Sensitizes Patient-Derived Ovarian Cancer Xenografts to Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin and Olaparib Preventing Abdominal Metastases. MOLECULAR CANCER THERAPEUTICS, 21(4), 555-567 [10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-21-0420].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/444779
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