Objectives: This study explored the trajectories of patient-centered orientation in a sample of Italian medical students throughout medical school. Methods: Four consecutive student cohorts were longitudinally assessed at the second (T0) and fifth year (T1) of medical school. Students completed a questionnaire including demographics and the Italian validated version of the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale. Results: 352 students completed both administrations. Students became more patient-centered in terms of Sharing along the course of their clinical curriculum, whereas there were no significant changes in Caring. Groups with distinct developmental trajectory patterns of both Caring and Sharing were identified. Students high in patient-centeredness at T0 reported significantly lower scores at T1 while students with lower scores at T0 significantly increased from the first to the last measurement. Female students significantly outscored their male colleagues on Caring and Sharing in both administrations. Conclusions: Findings call for innovative education strategies to sustain patient-centeredness attitudes in medical students entering hospital-based clinical medicine. Further research is needed to identify characteristics of the medical curriculum that are primarily involved in fostering students’ patient-centeredness. Practice Implications: Including the assessment and monitoring of patient-centeredness throughout the medical school can inform tailored education aiming to foster this dimension.

Ardenghi, S., Russo, S., Rampoldi, G., Bani, M., Strepparava, M. (2024). Medical students’ attitude toward patient-centeredness: A longitudinal study. PATIENT EDUCATION AND COUNSELING, 118(January 2024) [10.1016/j.pec.2023.108003].

Medical students’ attitude toward patient-centeredness: A longitudinal study

Ardenghi S.
Primo
;
Russo S.;Rampoldi G.;Bani M.;Strepparava M. G.
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

Objectives: This study explored the trajectories of patient-centered orientation in a sample of Italian medical students throughout medical school. Methods: Four consecutive student cohorts were longitudinally assessed at the second (T0) and fifth year (T1) of medical school. Students completed a questionnaire including demographics and the Italian validated version of the Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale. Results: 352 students completed both administrations. Students became more patient-centered in terms of Sharing along the course of their clinical curriculum, whereas there were no significant changes in Caring. Groups with distinct developmental trajectory patterns of both Caring and Sharing were identified. Students high in patient-centeredness at T0 reported significantly lower scores at T1 while students with lower scores at T0 significantly increased from the first to the last measurement. Female students significantly outscored their male colleagues on Caring and Sharing in both administrations. Conclusions: Findings call for innovative education strategies to sustain patient-centeredness attitudes in medical students entering hospital-based clinical medicine. Further research is needed to identify characteristics of the medical curriculum that are primarily involved in fostering students’ patient-centeredness. Practice Implications: Including the assessment and monitoring of patient-centeredness throughout the medical school can inform tailored education aiming to foster this dimension.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Longitudinal; Medical education; Medical students; Patient-centeredness; Patient-Practitioner Orientation Scale;
English
5-ott-2023
2024
118
January 2024
108003
open
Ardenghi, S., Russo, S., Rampoldi, G., Bani, M., Strepparava, M. (2024). Medical students’ attitude toward patient-centeredness: A longitudinal study. PATIENT EDUCATION AND COUNSELING, 118(January 2024) [10.1016/j.pec.2023.108003].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/444738
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