BackgroundPrimary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare liver disease with significant unmet need for second-line/add-on treatments. Setanaxib, a NOX1/4 inhibitor, has shown anti-fibrotic effects in in vitro and animal studies. This phase 2, randomized, multicentre study investigated the efficacy and safety of setanaxib in patients with PBC. MethodsPatients with >= 6 months of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment were randomized 1:1:1 to oral setanaxib 400 mg once daily (OD), twice daily (BID), or placebo, in addition to UDCA for 24 weeks. Other inclusion criteria included alkaline phosphatase (ALP) >= 1.5 x ULN and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) >= 1.5 x ULN. The primary endpoint was percentage change from baseline in GGT at Week 24; secondary endpoints included change from baseline in ALP, liver stiffness (LS; via transient elastography), fatigue at Week 24, and safety outcomes. p values compare setanaxib 400 mg BID and placebo groups. ResultsOf patients randomized (setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID: 38, and 36; placebo: 37), 104/111 completed Week 24. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) change in GGT to Week 24 was -4.9% (59.6%) for setanaxib 400 mg OD, -19.0% (28.9%) for setanaxib 400 mg BID, and -8.4% (21.5%) for placebo; p = .31. Patients treated with setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID showed decreased serum ALP levels from baseline to Week 24 (p = .002: setanaxib BID versus placebo). Patients treated with setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID showed mean (SD) percentage increases in LS to Week 24 of 3.3% (35.0%) and 7.9% (43.7%), versus 10.1% (33.1%) for placebo (p = .65). Changes in mean (SD) PBC-40 fatigue domain scores to Week 24 were +0.3% (24.9%) for setanaxib 400 mg OD, -9.9% (19.8%) for setanaxib 400 mg BID and +2.4% (23.1%) for placebo, p = .027. Two patients (one placebo, one setanaxib 400 mg BID) experienced serious treatment-emergent adverse events, deemed unrelated to study drug. ConclusionsThe primary endpoint was not met. However, the secondary endpoints provide preliminary evidence for potential anti-cholestatic and anti-fibrotic effects in PBC, supporting the further evaluation of setanaxib in a future phase 2b/3 trial.

Invernizzi, P., Carbone, M., Jones, D., Levy, C., Little, N., Wiesel, P., et al. (2023). Setanaxib, a first-in-class selective NADPH oxidase 1/4 inhibitor for primary biliary cholangitis: A randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial. LIVER INTERNATIONAL, 43(7 (July 2023)), 1507-1522 [10.1111/liv.15596].

Setanaxib, a first-in-class selective NADPH oxidase 1/4 inhibitor for primary biliary cholangitis: A randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial

Invernizzi P.
;
Carbone M.;
2023

Abstract

BackgroundPrimary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare liver disease with significant unmet need for second-line/add-on treatments. Setanaxib, a NOX1/4 inhibitor, has shown anti-fibrotic effects in in vitro and animal studies. This phase 2, randomized, multicentre study investigated the efficacy and safety of setanaxib in patients with PBC. MethodsPatients with >= 6 months of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment were randomized 1:1:1 to oral setanaxib 400 mg once daily (OD), twice daily (BID), or placebo, in addition to UDCA for 24 weeks. Other inclusion criteria included alkaline phosphatase (ALP) >= 1.5 x ULN and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) >= 1.5 x ULN. The primary endpoint was percentage change from baseline in GGT at Week 24; secondary endpoints included change from baseline in ALP, liver stiffness (LS; via transient elastography), fatigue at Week 24, and safety outcomes. p values compare setanaxib 400 mg BID and placebo groups. ResultsOf patients randomized (setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID: 38, and 36; placebo: 37), 104/111 completed Week 24. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) change in GGT to Week 24 was -4.9% (59.6%) for setanaxib 400 mg OD, -19.0% (28.9%) for setanaxib 400 mg BID, and -8.4% (21.5%) for placebo; p = .31. Patients treated with setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID showed decreased serum ALP levels from baseline to Week 24 (p = .002: setanaxib BID versus placebo). Patients treated with setanaxib 400 mg OD and BID showed mean (SD) percentage increases in LS to Week 24 of 3.3% (35.0%) and 7.9% (43.7%), versus 10.1% (33.1%) for placebo (p = .65). Changes in mean (SD) PBC-40 fatigue domain scores to Week 24 were +0.3% (24.9%) for setanaxib 400 mg OD, -9.9% (19.8%) for setanaxib 400 mg BID and +2.4% (23.1%) for placebo, p = .027. Two patients (one placebo, one setanaxib 400 mg BID) experienced serious treatment-emergent adverse events, deemed unrelated to study drug. ConclusionsThe primary endpoint was not met. However, the secondary endpoints provide preliminary evidence for potential anti-cholestatic and anti-fibrotic effects in PBC, supporting the further evaluation of setanaxib in a future phase 2b/3 trial.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
NADPH oxidase 1/4 inhibitor; cholestasis; fibrosis; primary biliary cholangitis; setanaxib;
English
15-mag-2023
2023
43
7 (July 2023)
1507
1522
none
Invernizzi, P., Carbone, M., Jones, D., Levy, C., Little, N., Wiesel, P., et al. (2023). Setanaxib, a first-in-class selective NADPH oxidase 1/4 inhibitor for primary biliary cholangitis: A randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial. LIVER INTERNATIONAL, 43(7 (July 2023)), 1507-1522 [10.1111/liv.15596].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/442202
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