Alterations in the human microbiota have been linked to carcinogenesis in several cancers. To date, few studies have addressed the role of the microbiota in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Our work aims to update the knowledge about the role of the microbiota in the CCA microenvironment, and to highlight possible novel insights for the development of new diagnostic, prognostic, or even therapeutic strategies. We thus conducted a review of the literature. In recent years, great progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis, the clinical and histological behavior, and the molecular profile of CCA. Much evidence suggests that the bile microbiota plays an essential role in biliary diseases, including CCA. Some studies have demonstrated that alterations in the qualitative and quantitative composition of the intestinal commensal bacteria lead to overall cancer susceptibility through various pathways. Other studies suggest that the gut microbiota plays a role in the pathogenesis and/or progression of CCA. The clinical implications are far-reaching, and the role of the microbiota in the CCA microenvironment may lead to considering the exciting implications of implementing therapeutic strategies that target the microbiota-immune system axis.

Elvevi, A., Laffusa, A., Gallo, C., Invernizzi, P., Massironi, S. (2023). Any Role for Microbiota in Cholangiocarcinoma? A Comprehensive Review. CELLS, 12(3) [10.3390/cells12030370].

Any Role for Microbiota in Cholangiocarcinoma? A Comprehensive Review

Laffusa A.
Primo
;
Gallo C.
Secondo
;
Invernizzi P.
Penultimo
;
Massironi S.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Alterations in the human microbiota have been linked to carcinogenesis in several cancers. To date, few studies have addressed the role of the microbiota in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Our work aims to update the knowledge about the role of the microbiota in the CCA microenvironment, and to highlight possible novel insights for the development of new diagnostic, prognostic, or even therapeutic strategies. We thus conducted a review of the literature. In recent years, great progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis, the clinical and histological behavior, and the molecular profile of CCA. Much evidence suggests that the bile microbiota plays an essential role in biliary diseases, including CCA. Some studies have demonstrated that alterations in the qualitative and quantitative composition of the intestinal commensal bacteria lead to overall cancer susceptibility through various pathways. Other studies suggest that the gut microbiota plays a role in the pathogenesis and/or progression of CCA. The clinical implications are far-reaching, and the role of the microbiota in the CCA microenvironment may lead to considering the exciting implications of implementing therapeutic strategies that target the microbiota-immune system axis.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
biliary tract cancer; cholangiocarcinoma; gut-liver axis; microbiota;
English
19-gen-2023
2023
12
3
370
open
Elvevi, A., Laffusa, A., Gallo, C., Invernizzi, P., Massironi, S. (2023). Any Role for Microbiota in Cholangiocarcinoma? A Comprehensive Review. CELLS, 12(3) [10.3390/cells12030370].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/441980
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