The use of scintillators for the detection of ionizing radiation is a critical aspect in many fields, including medicine, nuclear monitoring, and homeland security. Recently, lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (LHP-NCs) have emerged as promising scintillator materials. However, the difficulty of affordably upscaling synthesis to the multigram level and embedding NCs in optical-grade nanocomposites without compromising their optical properties still limits their widespread use. In addition, fundamental aspects of the scintillation mechanisms are not fully understood, leaving the scientific community without suitable fabrication protocols and rational guidelines for the full exploitation of their potential. In this work, we realize large polyacrylate nanocomposite scintillators based on CsPbBr3 NCs, which are synthesized via a novel room temperature, low waste turbo-emulsification approach, followed by their in situ transformation during the mass polymerization process. The interaction between NCs and polymer chains strengthens the scintillator structure, homogenizes the particle size distribution and passivates NC defects, resulting in nanocomposite prototypes with luminescence efficiency >90%, exceptional radiation hardness, 4800 ph/MeV scintillation yield even at low NC loading, and ultrafast response time, with over 30% of scintillation occurring in the first 80 ps, promising for fast-time applications in precision medicine and high-energy physics. Ultrafast radioluminescence and optical spectroscopy experiments using pulsed synchrotron light further disambiguate the origin of the scintillation kinetics as the result of charged-exciton and multiexciton recombination formed under ionizing excitation. This highlights the role of nonradiative Auger decay, whose potential impact on fast timing applications we anticipate via a kinetic model.

Erroi, A., Mecca, S., Zaffalon, M., Frank, I., Carulli, F., Cemmi, A., et al. (2023). Ultrafast and Radiation-Hard Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocomposite Scintillators. ACS ENERGY LETTERS, 8(9), 3883-3894 [10.1021/acsenergylett.3c01396].

Ultrafast and Radiation-Hard Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocomposite Scintillators

Erroi, Andrea;Mecca, Sara;Zaffalon, Matteo L.;Carulli, Francesco;Cova, Francesca;Pauwels, Kristof;Mauri, Michele;Perego, Jacopo;Pinchetti, Valerio;Comotti, Angiolina;Meinardi, Francesco;Vedda, Anna;Beverina, Luca;Brovelli, Sergio
2023

Abstract

The use of scintillators for the detection of ionizing radiation is a critical aspect in many fields, including medicine, nuclear monitoring, and homeland security. Recently, lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (LHP-NCs) have emerged as promising scintillator materials. However, the difficulty of affordably upscaling synthesis to the multigram level and embedding NCs in optical-grade nanocomposites without compromising their optical properties still limits their widespread use. In addition, fundamental aspects of the scintillation mechanisms are not fully understood, leaving the scientific community without suitable fabrication protocols and rational guidelines for the full exploitation of their potential. In this work, we realize large polyacrylate nanocomposite scintillators based on CsPbBr3 NCs, which are synthesized via a novel room temperature, low waste turbo-emulsification approach, followed by their in situ transformation during the mass polymerization process. The interaction between NCs and polymer chains strengthens the scintillator structure, homogenizes the particle size distribution and passivates NC defects, resulting in nanocomposite prototypes with luminescence efficiency >90%, exceptional radiation hardness, 4800 ph/MeV scintillation yield even at low NC loading, and ultrafast response time, with over 30% of scintillation occurring in the first 80 ps, promising for fast-time applications in precision medicine and high-energy physics. Ultrafast radioluminescence and optical spectroscopy experiments using pulsed synchrotron light further disambiguate the origin of the scintillation kinetics as the result of charged-exciton and multiexciton recombination formed under ionizing excitation. This highlights the role of nonradiative Auger decay, whose potential impact on fast timing applications we anticipate via a kinetic model.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Nanocomposites; Nanoparticles; Radiation; Excitons; Kinetics
English
28-ago-2023
2023
8
9
3883
3894
open
Erroi, A., Mecca, S., Zaffalon, M., Frank, I., Carulli, F., Cemmi, A., et al. (2023). Ultrafast and Radiation-Hard Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocomposite Scintillators. ACS ENERGY LETTERS, 8(9), 3883-3894 [10.1021/acsenergylett.3c01396].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/435938
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