Background: The Kuril–Kamchatka Trench (maximum depth 9604 m), located in the NW Pacific Ocean, is among the top seven deepest hadal trenches. The work aimed to investigate the unexplored abyssal-hadal prokaryotic communities of this fascinating, but underrated environment. Results: As for the bacterial communities, we found that Proteobacteria (56.1–74.5%), Bacteroidetes (6.5–19.1%), and Actinobacteria (0.9–16.1%) were the most represented bacterial phyla over all samples. Thaumarchaeota (52.9–91.1%) was the most abundant phylum in the archaeal communities. The archaeal diversity was highly represented by the ammonia-oxidizing Nitrosopumilus, and the potential hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria Acinetobacter, Zhongshania, and Colwellia were the main bacterial genera. The α-diversity analysis evidenced that both prokaryotic communities were characterized by low evenness, as indicated by the high Gini index values (> 0.9). The β-diversity analysis (Redundancy Analysis) indicated that, as expected, the depth significantly affected the structure of the prokaryotic communities. The co-occurrence network revealed seven prokaryotic groups that covaried across the abyssal-hadal zone of the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench. Among them, the main group included the most abundant archaeal and bacterial OTUs (Nitrosopumilus OTU A2 and OTU A1; Acinetobacter OTU B1), which were ubiquitous across the trench. Conclusions: This manuscript represents the first attempt to characterize the prokaryotic communities of the KKT abyssal-hadal zone. Our results reveal that the most abundant prokaryotes harbored by the abyssal-hadal zone of Kuril–Kamchatka Trench were chemolithotrophic archaea and heterotrophic bacteria, which did not show a distinctive pattern distribution according to depth. In particular, Acinetobacter, Zhongshania, and Colwellia (potential hydrocarbon degraders) were the main bacterial genera, and Nitrosopumilus (ammonia oxidizer) was the dominant representative of the archaeal diversity.

Gorrasi, S., Franzetti, A., Brandt, A., Minzlaff, U., Pasqualetti, M., Fenice, M. (2023). Insights into the prokaryotic communities of the abyssal-hadal benthic-boundary layer of the Kuril Kamchatka Trench. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOME, 18(1) [10.1186/s40793-023-00522-9].

Insights into the prokaryotic communities of the abyssal-hadal benthic-boundary layer of the Kuril Kamchatka Trench

Franzetti A.;
2023

Abstract

Background: The Kuril–Kamchatka Trench (maximum depth 9604 m), located in the NW Pacific Ocean, is among the top seven deepest hadal trenches. The work aimed to investigate the unexplored abyssal-hadal prokaryotic communities of this fascinating, but underrated environment. Results: As for the bacterial communities, we found that Proteobacteria (56.1–74.5%), Bacteroidetes (6.5–19.1%), and Actinobacteria (0.9–16.1%) were the most represented bacterial phyla over all samples. Thaumarchaeota (52.9–91.1%) was the most abundant phylum in the archaeal communities. The archaeal diversity was highly represented by the ammonia-oxidizing Nitrosopumilus, and the potential hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria Acinetobacter, Zhongshania, and Colwellia were the main bacterial genera. The α-diversity analysis evidenced that both prokaryotic communities were characterized by low evenness, as indicated by the high Gini index values (> 0.9). The β-diversity analysis (Redundancy Analysis) indicated that, as expected, the depth significantly affected the structure of the prokaryotic communities. The co-occurrence network revealed seven prokaryotic groups that covaried across the abyssal-hadal zone of the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench. Among them, the main group included the most abundant archaeal and bacterial OTUs (Nitrosopumilus OTU A2 and OTU A1; Acinetobacter OTU B1), which were ubiquitous across the trench. Conclusions: This manuscript represents the first attempt to characterize the prokaryotic communities of the KKT abyssal-hadal zone. Our results reveal that the most abundant prokaryotes harbored by the abyssal-hadal zone of Kuril–Kamchatka Trench were chemolithotrophic archaea and heterotrophic bacteria, which did not show a distinctive pattern distribution according to depth. In particular, Acinetobacter, Zhongshania, and Colwellia (potential hydrocarbon degraders) were the main bacterial genera, and Nitrosopumilus (ammonia oxidizer) was the dominant representative of the archaeal diversity.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing; Abyssal-hadal zone; Archaeal communities; Bacterial communities; Deep Sea; Kuril Kamchatka Trench
English
2-ago-2023
2023
18
1
67
none
Gorrasi, S., Franzetti, A., Brandt, A., Minzlaff, U., Pasqualetti, M., Fenice, M. (2023). Insights into the prokaryotic communities of the abyssal-hadal benthic-boundary layer of the Kuril Kamchatka Trench. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOME, 18(1) [10.1186/s40793-023-00522-9].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/435720
Citazioni
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
Social impact